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2020.10.02 22:18 SteamedSpy4 [TECH] CC(X)

Program Outline
Laurentia has access to unprecedented resources, and with this power comes a requirement for unmatched firepower. The Phoenix has made the entire world its responsibility, and it falls to the Navy to develop the firepower to support this ambition. The 33,000 ton Indianapolis-class battlecruiser will deliver this firepower, providing a heavy surface strike counterpart to the aircraft carriers that make up the main striking force of the Laurentian Navy.
Design Overview
The Indianapolis-class battlecruiser will be built around a heavy offensive armament, drawing on the massive power output of the quad C1W fusion reactor plant. VLS armament will be deprioritized, and mainly focused on defensive armament. Aviation facilities will be provided to allow the operation of SA4K Valkyrie or SA13B Skyborg drones, mainly for reconnaissance purposes, in addition to the usual helicopter deck. The resulting warship will be an unmatched superheavy surface combatant, with each battlecruiser serving as a specialized air defense and surface strike counterpart to the paired carrier group.
The Indianapolis-class battlecruisers will be armed with four main weapons. Twin Mk112 railcannons will provide medium-range strike and air defense capability. The main event, however, will be the twin Mk115 heavy electromagnetic missile launchers.
The Mk115 draws design inspiration from the venerable Talos missile system. The Talos missile was the first surface-to-air missile employed by the US Navy; the missile itself was so large that it could not be stored in one piece in the ship’s internal magazine. Instead, the magazine was an assembly line of missile sections that were pieced together on their way to the launch rail; later models included the ability to select nuclear or conventional payloads. The Mk115 launcher will take inspiration from the Talos system with more modern twists. The launcher itself will resemble the older arm launchers of early missile combatants, a reloadable dual missile rail fed by an internal magazine. The new launcher, however, will use a large electromagnetic rail accelerator, launching missiles at high speed. The internal magazine will feature a wide variety of modular munition options, including anti-air seekers and anti-surface seekers, a selection of HGV, fragmentation, kinetic anti-ship, kinetic anti-missile, and armor-piercing warheads, and an array of rocket and air-breathing boosters of varying ranges. This system will allow the Mk115 launcher to fire weapons tailored to the engagement, assembling anything from a long-range hypersonic strike vehicle or a short-range anti-air shell. The onboard payload will, however, be biased towards offensive surface strike, particularly with HGV warheads; modern technology cannot erase the main drawback of the arm launcher, the less-than-impressive rate of fire, and the VLS battery is already intended to be the primary anti-air system. By adding the energy of the railgun battery to the kinetic HGV payload, the Indianapolis-class battlecruisers will be able to provide sustained offensive anti-surface fire at up to 1000 kilometers of range, with far greater magazine depth than conventional weapons. The anti-air capability will also be suitably impressive, even if it is not the intended main payload, capable of engaging enemy aircraft at up to 600 kilometers away and providing an effective ballistic missile defense.
Secondary weaponry will include nearly 300 VLS cells, three Mk66 UV laser CIWS systems, and two Mk67 railgun CIWS systems.
The Indianapolis-class battlecruiser will be equipped with the same L/SPY-1 Janus main radar array and Ancile combat system as the CG-10 Flight III missile cruisers. Onboard sensor support for ASW and targeting will be mainly provided by a pair of SV10R Skua ASW tiltrotors, and half a dozen SA4K Valkyrie or SA13B Skyborg drones.
LNS Indianapolis CCGN-71
Statistic Specification
Builder GD NASSCO, Newport News
Displacement 33,500t
Length 255m
Beam 30.5m
Draft 9m
Power 4x C1W fusion reactor
Propulsion Integrated Electric Propulsion, Four Shafts
Speed 56km/h
Range Unlimited
Complement (Crew) 340
Complement (Helo) 2x SV10R / 1x SV10R, 3x ST11C
Complement (UAV) 6x SA4K / 6x SA13B
Complement (UUV) 16x Mk61 Proteus
Weaponry 192x Mk41 VLS, 80x Mk57 VLS, 2x Mk32 triple torpedo tube, 4x Mk46 Mod 2 RWS, 3x Mk66 LCIWS, 2x Mk67 RCIWS, 2x Mk112 EMRC
Sensors L/SPY-1 Janus main search radar, AN/SQS-53C hull sonar, AN/SQR-19 towed array sonar
Countermeasures NG/SLQ-1 Drownout, AN/SLQ-25 Nixie, Mk53 Nulka
Cost 4.8bn
Ship Launch Date
LNS Indianapolis CCGN-71 2049
LNS Ohio Valley CCGN-72 2049
LNS Orleans CCGN-73 2049
LNS Great Plains CCGN-74 2050
LNS Chicago CCGN-75 2050
LNS Gulf of Mexico CCGN-76 2050
LNS Malmstrom CCGN-77 2051
LNS Philippine Sea CCGN-78 2051
LNS Cheyenne Mountain CCGN-79 2051
LNS Levantine Sea CCGN-80 2052
LNS Piedmont CCGN-81 2052
LNS Nantahala CCGN-82 2052
The Indianapolis-class battlecruisers, each named after a great military victory of Laurentia or of its founding states in the successor era, will enter service in 2049. Each battlecruiser will be installed as the flagship of one of the current Surface Action Groups. Various new support ships will be ordered as part of this commission; in addition to the 24 Mk62 Leatherback USVs needed for direct escort of the battlecruisers, 80 more Mk62s and 80 more Mk63s will be ordered to fill out the existing fleet. The surface aviation complement of the fleet will be filled out with new orders bringing the total SV10R fleet to 176, and the total ST11C fleet to 144. 3.5 billion dollars have been invested in the R&D program, with costs for a number of systems split across the CG-10 Flight III program.
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2020.09.14 18:35 CFB_Referee Hurricane Sally

Sally remains a hurricane and is moving slowly.

From the latest public advisory (as of 9/16 11:30 AM ET) Sally is likely to cause issues with rainfall, storm surge, surf, wind tornados, and flooding - including potential inland flooding.
Check your local weather or emergency management agency for more specific information where you are.
Please look to local news, local weather, and local and state emergency management agencies to find out more about how you may be affected, if you need to evacuate, and steps on getting prepared. Please everyone stay safe.
U Forecasts, Predictions, and Watches/Warnings
Tulsa Preparedness & Planning
College students should check out their university's emergency alert system - if you're not signed up to get notices, you should!
Useful links on: hurricane preparedness, emergency kits, emergency supplies for your car.
Louisburg Other things worth thinking about or getting:
  • General: A cooler. Fun/mental health stuff - books, games, etc. Cash. Weather radio and batteries. Flashlights > candles. Backup cell phone, laptop, or other batteries. Extra water. Hand sanitizer. Comfort items (a toddler's blankie, the puppy's favorite toy, your grandpa's watch you can't imagine losing).
  • Specialized: Transportation and assistive devices (think especially about children, pets, the elderly, people with disabilities).
  • Cars: Gas. Window breakeseatbelt cutter.
Gattaca Florida Safety:
  • Check your smoke detector and carbon monoxide detector batteries!
  • Watch out for downed power lines. Never assume it is dead. Avoid it.
  • Assume floodwaters are deeper than they look. Turn around, don't drown.
  • Learn your flood and evacuation zones!
  • Food safety from the FDA and USDA.
  • If your home floods and you need to go up, head for the roof. Keep an ax in your attic to get out that way if you need it.
  • Be aware of potential 911 delays.
  • Evacuate! If you can, check on people you know to see if they need help evacuating if you can offer it or put them in touch with someone who can.
Hertfordshire Documentation:
  • Bring it with you.
  • Store it in a plastic bag to they are together and stay dry.
  • House deed/rental agreement/lease.
  • Insurance information (home, car, renters, medical, flood).
  • Identification (ID card/driver's license, passport, Social Security card, marriage/birth certificates).
  • Take photographs of your home before you evacuate and when you return. Good documentation of the damage may help if you need to file an aid or insurance claim.
For long-term preparedness, check out CERT training information.
Holland Evacuation
College Information
We'll be updating this list as we get information.
/CFB Ball Alabama
University Update Sources
Bishop State Community College All remote learning on Monday and Tuesday. All events cancelled Monday and Tuesday. 7
Coastal Alabama Community College Closses at 2 PM on Monday. In person classes closed through Wendesday. Online classes continue to meet. 5
Spring Hill College Classes cancelled after 1:30 PM on Monday. Classes online on Tuesday. 5
University of Mobile Move to all online instruction as of 1:30 PM Monday. Normal classes resume Wendesday. 5
South Alabama University of South Alabama Classes, events, and activities canceled Tuesday and Wednesday. 16
/CFB Ball Florida
University Update Sources
Gulf Coast State College All campuses closed Tuesday. 11
Northwest Florida State College Closed through Tuesday. 13
Pensacola State College All campuses closed Monday and Tuesday. 7, 17
West Florida University of West Florida All classes - in person and online - cancelled through Thursday. 18
/CFB Ball Louisiana
University Update Sources
Delgado Community College Online classes only on Monday and Tuesday. 8, 19
Loyola Operating normally until 4 PM on Monday. Classes canceled Tuesday. Classes resume Wednesday. 2, 20
New Orleans Theological Seminary/Leavell College Closed Monday-Wednesday. 8
Nicholls Nicholls State All classes online Monday-Wednesday. 4
Northshore Technical Community College Online on Monday. Closed on Tuesday. Decision on Wednesday pending. 8, 21
Nunez College Online classes continue. In person classes cancelled Monday and Tuesday. 8
Southeastern Louisiana Southeastern University All classes online on Monday. All classes cancelled on Tuesday. 14
Southern Southern University Normal operations on Tuesday. 9, 22
Tulane Tulane In person and online classes canceled after noon on Monday and Tuesday. Wednesday classes TBD. 1
Holy Cross University of Holy Cross Closed Monday and Tuesday. 8
University of New Orleans Classes all online on Monday. In person, online, and hybrid classes canceled on Tuesday. 3
Xavier University Classes online after 5 PM Monday. Classes cancelled Tuesday. 8
/CFB Ball Mississippi
University Update Sources
Jones County JC Jones College All classes online through Wednesday. 12
Mississippi Gulf Coast CC Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College All classes online starting Monday at noon and Tuesday. 10
Southern Miss University of Southern Mississippi - Gulf Coast Locations All classes and events moved online starting at noon on Monday. 15
/CFB Ball South Carolina
If you know of any of these, please let us know.
University Update Sources
/CFB Ball North Carolina
If you know of any of these, please let us know.
University Update Sources
/CFB Ball Virginia
If you know of any of these, please let us know.
University Update Sources
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
Touchdown Game Information Penalty Flag
We'll be updating this list as we get information.
This list includes all games played with teams in affected states. Many may not be affected, but given the ripple effects of things like travel and the particular complications of scheduling this season, we've listed them all here for reference.
Date Time Home Team Away Team Game Location
9/18 7:30 PM ET Coastal Carolina Campbell Conway, SC
9/19 12:00 PM ET Georgia State Louisiana Atlanta, GA
9/19 12:00 PM ET Tulane Navy New Orleans, LA
9/19 12:00 PM ET Duke Boston College Durham, NC
9/19 2:30 PM ET Notre Dame USF South Bend, IN
9/19 3:30 PM ET Georgia Tech UCF Atlanta, GA
9/19 3:30 PM ET Georgia Southern FAU Statesboro, GA
9/19 3:30 PM ET UNC Charlotte Chapel Hill, NC
9/19 4:00 PM ET Middle Tennessee Troy Murfreesboro, TN
9/19 4:00 PM ET Clemson The Citadel Clemson, SC
9/19 7:30 PM ET ULM Texas State Monroe, LA
9/19 7:30 PM ET Louisville Miami (FL) Louisville, KY
9/19 7:30 PM ET Southern Miss Louisiana Tech Hattiesburg, MS
9/19 8:00 PM ET NC State Wake Forest Raleigh, NC
Learn More
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2020.08.13 08:31 JakeDeLaPlaya Mod Post: Notes from watching a 2 hour long traffic judges training in Orange County. I do the work so you don't have to!

Recently, I came across a training which Orange County Superior Court posted to their website.
There were some really good datapoints which apply to both Orange County and some possibly throughout the state as well. The traffic commissioner Max De Liema is training a group of judges pro tem to prepare them to hear traffic arraignments and trials. I took notes as I was watching and I wanted to share them here.
One thing to keep in mind is that truly each judge and courthouse is different on very specific things. All judges are lawyers, so they have their pet peeves or projects in the law. And where they can exercise their own discretion, they often do. This is essentially how one traffic commissioner runs his courtroom but also trains others, even though some of what he says is still a suggestion. So some of these things might be totally different elsewhere or even different in another Orange County courtroom. But it's a good primer on the way things work.
My notes are abbreviated so they might not always make perfect sense. Feel free to ask what I meant if it's not clear. I just didn't want to write out a full report of all these datapoints.
But to highlight a few of the biggest takeaways: He is somewhat strict with traffic school for certain reasons and being rude to the officer is one of them. Also, 18 months in between is basically a floor, as far as he's concerned. Meaning, he might not let someone go if they've been every 18 months, even if the are eligible. Still, he allows traffic school, even up to 95mph!
And if you get a ticket from OC Sheriff's Dept he doesn't seem to think they show very often. North OC officers don't show as much as south OC.
OC also requires people to talk to the clerk about ability to pay even though they have a right to a determination by the judge, which they don't tell the defendants. And ability to pay includes in their interpretation, monthly payments. Apparently $575 isn't $575 if you have to pay it monthly :/


Does not allow TBWD at arraignment. You can request it in advance, but to him there is no right to it, and the purpose is for people who can't come to court (editor's note: although we know that its not just one court trip, its at least two)
Traffic school
--Does take into account driving record when it comes to traffic school. Also considers officer's statement. If officers reports you told him, "You work for me, go find some other criminals" crumple up the ticket" he's not approving it. Also considers facts of violation, too fast through stop sign or 25 over in a school zone for example.
--Also, just because its been more than 18 months doesn't mean you have a right to go. Clearly you haven't learned your lesson if you've been three times in five years.
--Allows traffic school for speeds of 94 considering driving history and road conditions
--The DMV determines if traffic school will have any effect. Going twice doesn't help you.
--Certain violations cvc 2818 and school crossing guard can never get traffic school
--Still offers traffic school on Failures to appear when tried in absentia
--If they complete traffic school but are still making payments, they hold the traffic school certificate until payments are complete and therefore the conviction may initially go on their record.
Reduced payments
--Doesn't discuss ability to pay in court, sends them clerk's office. Considers making payments as ability to pay but doesn't reduce fines.
--Doesn't reduce fines just for asking.
--Does issue warrants for people who don't visit clerks office after seeing the judge on the same day.
Does accept bail at arraignment for those who choose to submit it. Makes everyone sign a promise to appear. Has the option to issue a warrant but usually issues civil assessment.
Dismissed on a county seat case when the officer admitted he wouldn't let the defendant exercise that option (Ed note: but didn't reassign the case to the county seat for some reason.)
Doesn't give extensions at arraignment to find attorneys.
OC does not allow judges on their "own motion" to reduce the violation. Sometimes an officer may describe facts that are more appropriate for a different violation--however few are willing to do that. Someone in the audience says in Westminster, almost all cops do that. Essentially, the presiding judge's memo says that officers can't make motions either and is intended to discourage negotiation with officers as a tactic but Com De Liema has interpreted that.
If the officer the speed survey at home, he will find for guilt on §38300. He believes §22349 is lesser included to 22348(b).
In accident cases where a ticket is issued, you need all witnesses, including the other drivers in court. If a traffic cop issues the ticket after doing an investigation and issuing a citation and its different from the officer on scene, both need to be there.
--Officers not appearing "One time maybe two years ago, there was a major incident and every officer was in the field, so I continued one or two cases for good cause. Someone didn't like that and got upset and said I shouldn't have. If the officer doesn't appear the charge gets dismissed
--However, if the defendant agreed to time waiver, requested continuance or can trail it and still stay within speedy trial rules it can be done--(Ed note: but he didn't talk about this, just listed on slide.)
Civil assessment is independent of the underlying case. Civil Assessment is still imposed even if the officer doesn't show.
Sheriffs don't show up as much. Most agencies in south county do a pretty good job.
Traffic clinics don't ask a lot of questions on cross.
Discovery: DA's office never responds
Officer's testimony:
On serious cases, he may prompt the officer if his testimony is poor about jurisdiction or uniform. "It may tip the scales of justice a little bit." But the officer must say the magic words of "County of Orange." One officer just said "Newport Beach, State of California and I dumped it." They have to say the year! But he prompts when the officer doesn't identify the defendant, even if it was a really old ticket! (Ed. note: Coaching the witness is inappropriate, in my opinion).
--Many are filed, especially because the ticket doesn't state what the speed or road sign said
--Electronic citations must be dated on the same line. If not, the remedy is getting a verified complaint from the DA
--Also there was a strain of argument that the copy the Def receives isn't an exact copy because it didn't contain his signature. County counsel looked at the code and opined that it was sufficient unless the D asked for a copy and didn't get one.
--Demurrers must be in writing and filed in advance, same day is ok.
Police officers don't get to ask the defendant questions
Once had a 22107 CVC case in a dedicated turn lane no signal. No safety violation. Dismissed.
Automated photo enforcement tickets
--First of all, it's not a complaint. It's a declaration based upon photographic evidence.
--Cops were told to issue to registered owner without comparing photographs. All officers lied about it until one officer told the truth.
submitted by JakeDeLaPlaya to CaliforniaTicketHelp [link] [comments]

2020.07.04 17:46 b0r0n Full Bag Club Fitting Review from a mid-high handicapper (Club Champion)

Whenever people ask about buying new clubs, the resounding reply is to get fit! I recently did just that. I thought I’d share my experience in case it helps others decide it’s for them.
Warning, it's a long one.
A bit about my game: I’ve been playing for over 30 years, and at my best was a 12 handicap, but am currently a 20. I’ve fought with an over-the-top move since I was a kid and resolved this year to dedicate some time and effort to playing better. The first phase of this was to sign up for lessons, and the second was to get fit for clubs. The need for a fitting became more evident as my instructor pointed out that my clubs were way too low a flex for me. They are labeled as a regular flex, but he said they flexed more like senior shafts. After getting my swing to a comfortable place, I went into Club Champion yesterday to take advantage of their full bag fitting.
The goal: I went into the fitting with a simple plan: To find the best combination of club and shaft that provided the best results (seems obvious). Look and feel were not key factors for me as I wanted the results to show in the data and on the scorecard. I also was not focused on distance. My distance is fairly average and good enough to be hitting short irons into most greens. I wanted to tighten up my dispersion. Distance gains would be appreciated, but not at the expense of accuracy.
The fitting: The fitting was really informative. I learned a bit ahead of time to know what to expect, and it went fairly according to script. My fitter (Jeff) first found a shaft that worked for me, focusing on the dispersion pattern of the club. After the right shaft was found, we then experimented with heads to see which ones I hit more consistently. We started with irons, moved to wedges, then driver, fairway, and hybrid. I ended up with the same shafts from hybrid to 60-degree wedge (recommended by Jeff), and then different shafts for drive3-wood. My driver was fairly new and probably the right head for me, so we did fit it to a new shaft, but didn’t change anything else. Finally, we used the SAM putt lab for my putter which told me what I expected: I should be hitting a face-balanced putter. Jeff also provided info about optimal loft and lie for the putter. I was a little disappointed at the selection of putters there and decided to sleep on that choice for a later date.
Lessons learned:
  1. A full custom fitting can be EXPENSIVE. Take your cost of clubs and in some cases double that, as a custom shaft for each club adds up. I suspected this, but still had a bit of sticker shock when it came time to pay. I feel like I got fit into the most expensive shaft for each of my clubs. I wrestled with the fact that I was being "up-sold," but ultimately we had the data to show I actually hit these shafts better. You can obviously save money by selecting from manufacturer-offered shafts, but may not get the optimum results. It’s up to you what the value is for you.
  2. Know what options are available to you beforehand, but don’t get too attached to anything until you see the data. I went in really wanting to look at P790s and JPX 919s. I knew the JPXs are being updated soon, but thought that hitting them would let me know if I should wait for the new models. While I hit the P790s okay, the JPX’s just didn’t work for me at all. I ended up with neither of these. I also hit T200s but we quickly dismissed them. Jeff then showed me some Mavriks which I hated the look of. They were really offset at address, but I hit them better than any of the clubs before. I was just about ready to settle on them, but I think Jeff sensed I wasn’t totally sold. He asked me if there was anything else I wanted to try. For nostalgia sake, I asked to try the Hogan PTx Pros. I hit Hogan Edge as a kid and thought it would be fun to try those (even though it’s a totally different company now). Much to my surprise, I hit them better than anything, and they were by far the best feeling irons for me. I may not have ever hit them if I didn’t know about them before going in. It’s helpful to know your options, and speak up if you want to try something!
  3. Club weights and shaft flex are a total mystery to me. I understand the concept of swing weight, but not fully how it relates to performance. Jeff took one look at my swing and knew I had to be in heavier shafts. Not sure how he knew that, but moving from 90g iron shafts to 110g was a world of difference. Ball speed improved, and my launch angles came down which was a huge help. I haven’t had the opportunity to really understand how different shafts affect the swing, but Jeff was a great guide here. I really relied on him to be my guide on that part.
  4. Get used to hitting a lot of balls, or split it into multiple sessions. I was expecting this and was pretty good for the most part. I started to get a little tired once we got to the last club (hybrids). We took a break and went to putting then came back to it just to confirm our findings. If I went back, I would suggest staggering in the wedge and putter sections between the full swings. I think it would help with fatigue.
Before / After bag
D: Ping G400 LST - Mitsubishi Kurokage R Flex
3W: TM Rocketballz (3HL) - Stock S Flex
3H/4H: TM Rocketballz - Stock R Flex
5i - AW: TM R11 - Stock R Flex (90g)
SW,LW: Mizuno S18 - Stock R Flex
Putter: Scotty Cameron Newport 1.5
D: Ping G400 LST - Ventus Blue S Flex
3W: TM Sim - Ventus Blue S Flex
3H: TM Sim MAX - Paderson KG Hybrid S Flex
4i-PW: Ben Hogan PTx PRO - Paderson KG110 S Flex
50, 56, 60W: Mizuno T20 - Paderson KG110 S Flex
Putter: TBD
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2020.06.30 17:21 orria Notes on Deep Work

Deep Work by Cal Newport is one of the best career and self-improvement books I’ve read. The idea of “deep work” is the ability to concentrate without distraction on a cognitively demanding task — a skill Newport argues has become increasingly scarce and valuable in the modern world.
What follows are my notes on the how of applying Deep Work principles. If you’re interested in the why, I recommend reading the book or his blog.


Depth Philosophies


Put in regular work and don't wait for inspiration. Decide...

Make Grand Gestures

Example: J.K. Rowling renting a room in a luxury hotel to afford the isolation for completing a novel, Bill Gates taking Think Weeks in a cabin in the woods, etc. By leveraging a radical change to your normal environment, coupled perhaps with a significant investment of effort or money, all dedicated toward supporting a deep work task, you increase the perceived importance of the task. This reduces your mind's instinct to procrastinate and delivers motivation.
Idea: When starting a new project/initiative, take a week off from work to really immerse yourself in that project totally, so that when you return to a normal schedule the project is part of who you are and putting it into your schedule is much more natural.

4DX (Four Disciplines of Execution) applied to deep work

  1. Focus on the wildly important. Identify a small number of ambitious outcomes to pursue with your deep work hours. Example: Cal's goal was to publish five papers per year. This is both necessary for tenure and a higher rate of work than he was used to, which provided the pressure to achieve that goal.
  2. Act on the lead measures. Two metrics to consider - lag measures and lead measures. Lag measures actually tell you how well you're doing (e.g. projects completed per year) lead measures are the ones you can actually iterate on during the process (e.g. time spent in deep work dedicated to the goal).
  3. Keep a compelling scoreboard. Track the progress of your lead measures in a visible area. Example: A physical note card with the number of deep work hours per day. Cal used this to track both hours spent AND milestones accomplished (e.g. circling the hour tally on which he solved a key proof) so that he would be motivated as well as develop a sense of how much deep work is necessary (and therefore how much he should schedule per week)
  4. Create a cadence of accountability. For a team project, this would be a regular sync up. For solo work, this could be an honest weekly review of how you did.

Be Lazy

Anders Ericsson - novices can manage about an hour of intense concentration per day, whereas experts can usually manage up to four hours (but rarely more).
Retreating from work (especially deep work) is necessary to attack the next chunk of work with fresh energy. Not to mention, taking downtime after deep work is necessary to let your subconscious process the problem (which oftentimes is more effective than your conscious mind). At the end of the workday, shut down your consideration of work issues until the next morning.
This will probably require a shutdown ritual (see the Zeigarnik effect) in which every outstanding task has been reviewed and has a plan for its completion or its revisiting at a later date. Remember to have a strict algorithm, preferably with a verbal declaration of you being done to release your mind.
Cal's example: Check email inbox for anything urgent, transfer any new tasks that were in his mind or scribbled down into his task lists, skim review the task lists and the next few days on his calendar to make sure he's not forgetting anything and he has a plan for everything. Make a rough plan for the next day (this part is necessary to avoid your mind dwelling on the unfinished work). Say "shutdown complete" and close the computer.
Baumeister & Masicampo - “Commiting to a specific plan for a goal [even if it didn't get completed] may therefore not only facilitate attainment of the goal but may also free cognitive resources for other pursuits.”
Shutdown rituals can become annoying but they're necessary - Cal estimates it takes about a week or two before the habit sticks (i.e. your mind actually trusts you that you'll actually get the work done so it can relax after the ritual).


The ability to concentrate intensely is a skill that must be trained. It's not a habit like flossing (i.e. something that you know how to do but may neglect sometimes). There's difficulty in training yourself to focus and so you must practice. And these efforts to train will wither if you don't simultaneously wean your mind off of a dependence on distraction (like actually resting on your rest days when working out).
If your mind is wired to always expect constant cheap inputs (say while waiting in a line or on the toilet) it'll be impossible for you to shut down the mental chattering and focus on one thing.

Don't Take Breaks From Distraction, Take Breaks from Focus

Once you're wired for distraction, you crave it. A conventional approach is to take an "Internet Sabbath" or short disconnect, but to use an example from physical health, eating healthy one day a week will not make any progress that isn't immediately overridden. Instead, you should create times where you allow yourself to be distracted (i.e. breaks from focus) with the default time going to focus.
Example Strategy: Schedule in advance when you'll use the web. Note that...
  1. This strategy works even if your job requires lots of web use (you'll just have more frequent web use blocks).
  2. Regardless of how you schedule your web blocks, you must keep the time outside these blocks absolutely free from web use. Something that will inevitably happen is that your block will end, you'll need some crucial piece of information from the web, and you'll be tempted to break the rule to quickly retrieve the info and return to your offline block. Resist this temptation! The internet is seductive and on multiple occasions you can be lured away into looking at something else. It doesn't take many of these “exceptions” before your mind treats the offline blocks as less serious. If you must get the current project done promptly, then reschedule the next internet block closer to the present, but still leave at least a five minute window.
  3. Scheduling internet use at home as well as at work can further improve your concentration training. If you're glued to the phone or laptop on evenings and weekends, it’ll undo your mental progress. However you're allowed to do time-sensitive communication in your offline blocks (texting plans, logistics for an event, etc). You can even give yourself long internet blocks if you want - but the point is to always schedule this so you empower yourself to avoid internet usage when you've decided to put it away. One of the hardest times will be when you're waiting for something, but it's crucial not to check the web during these times if you're in an offline block.

Work Like Teddy Roosevelt

Use what Cal calls "Roosevelt dashes," where you identify a deep task that's high on your priority list, estimate how long it would normally take you to complete, and then drastically reduce that time frame to a deadline you force yourself to complete (by publicly committing to it, setting up a countdown timer on your phone, etc).
At this point you will have to work intensely with little to no breaks (as if you were forging to meet a deadline without diminishing the quality of your work).
Use Roosevelt dashes sparingly at first (once a week or so) until you get a sense of projects/deadline that work for this type of dash (you should be able to just barely finish on time) and over time you gain the ability to trade intensity for working time.
Along a similar vein: The Most Dangerous Writing App.

Meditate Productively

The goal of physical meditation is to take a period where you're occupied physically but not mentally (e.g. walking, driving, showering) and focus your attention on a single well-defined professional problem. Nietzsche: "All truly great thoughts are conceived by walking."
The problem might be outlining an article, writing a talk, making progress on a proof, sharpening a business strategy, etc. As in mindfulness meditation, you focus on that one problem and bring you mind back to it when it wanders.
Cal recommends 2-3 sessions in a typical week. But this practice is not so much for productivity benefits as it is to improve your ability to think deeply (i.e. you're both turning away from distraction and towards concentrating on a point of focus). This will take practice, so Cal suggests:
  1. Be wary of distractions and looping. When you notice your attention slipping away, gently guide yourself back. And when you are rehashing the same concepts over and over, notice you are in a loop and delineate the next step.
  2. Structure your deep thinking. It's non-trivial to decide how exactly you should "think deeply" about your problem. So break down the abstract problem into concrete variables and store the values in your working memory. Then build the solution around those variables. Example: For the a book chapter, the variables might be the points you want to make. For a mathematics proof, it might be your axioms/lemmas. For an engineering design problem, it might be your constraints and tools. Then once the values are identified, define the *next-step question* you need to answer using those variables (e.g. how am I going to open this chapter, what can go wrong if this axiom doesn't hold, what is the most sensible code-path, etc). Then consolidate the gains from tackling this question, and repeat the process. This is like an intense workout for your concentration and analytical skills.

Memorize a Deck of Cards

A powerful side effect of memory training is an improvement in your general ability to concentrate (which is obviously a necessity for deep work). The technique is not passive retention (which works poorly) but the method of loci or "memory palace."
Step One: Mentally walk through five rooms in your house and conjure a clear image of what you see. Fix in your mind a collection of ten large/noticeable items in each room (plus two more for fifty-two cards in total) and establish an order in which you look at each of these items in each room. Practice this mental exercise of walking through the rooms and looking at the items in their set order.
Step Two: Associate each card with some image (it helps to try to think of a relationship between the card and the image, e.g. Donald Trump <--> The King of Diamonds). Practice these associations until you can pull a card randomly from the deck and immediately recall the associated image.
Now you have a set (of items) for which you know the order well, and a mapping (of images to cards) for which you know the associations well. These parameters can now be leveraged to memorize any random deck (or some other collection of information) by ordering the images like the items and thus knowing the order of the cards. To do this, begin your mental walk through your house. For each item draw a card and visually map its associated image to the item (for example if the first item is a doormat and the first card is the King of Diamonds, you could imagine Trump wiping his shoes at the doormat). Proceed carefully through the rooms, linking the items and images, and repeat the process if necessary. Then when you're ready to recall, walk through the memory palace and recite the cards in the order of their images.
This is a powerful technique for improving memorizing skills and concentration. You can use it alone or in conjunction with Roosevelt Dashes and/or Productive Meditation to increase your capacity for focus.


One must conceive of social media as network tools, services offered by tech/media companies that take some time/attention/data from you in the promise return of some benefit. In this way we avoid the popular (and false) notions that social media is a ubiquitous public forum that one must participate in or risk sabotaging themselves, or, on the other hand, social media is uniquely evil and the only solution requires a complete disconnect. We must simply evaluate the costs and benefits as we would do with anything else, and be honest about what exactly we get out of our use of various network tools.
As we'll probably find however, the benefits of network tools are generally pretty minor and the distraction they provide generally pretty powerful. This is especially true over the long term, which leads to...
The Craftsman Approach to Tool Selection: Identify the core factors that determine success and happiness in your professional and personal life. Adopt a tool only if its positive impacts on these factors substantially outweigh its negative impacts.
Identifying what matters in life and then attempting to assess the concomitant value of every tool (network or otherwise) that comes your way is not easy. The following strategies help with this.

Apply the Law of the Vital Few to Your Internet Habits

Identify the main high level goals in your professional and personal (religious, social, etc.) life. Make sure they're high level, e.g. "be a better software engineer", not "make senior engineer within five years."
Once you've identified those goals, list the 2-3 most important activities that will help you satisfy the goal. These activities should be specific enough that you can describe what they look like in practice, but general enough that they're not tied to a onetime outcome. For example, "produce high quality projects" is too general, "produce a project by next month" is too specific, "regularly work on a new project or read a book on a software engineering topic" is just right.
The next step in this strategy is to go through each of your network tools and ask whether it has a substantially positive, neutral, or substantially negative impact on each of your activities (professional and personal). Only keep the network tool if the positive outweigh the negative.
It may be the case that things like network tools provide some benefit to your goals, but we want to ruthlessly prioritize the top few activities because of the Law of the Vital Few: ~80% of a given effect is due to ~20% of the causes. Assuming you could list 10-20 ways to say, improve your social life, just doing the top 2-3 of those would give you the majority of the results, while going beyond that will have diminishing returns but a lot of distraction and time-commitment.

Quit Social Media

Try an experiment - quit a network tool for thirty days, then after that period ask yourself 1) would the last thirty days have been noticeably better if I was on the service, and 2) did people care that I wasn't using this service. Be skeptical, and rejoin the service only if the answers are "yes."
This experiment addresses the fear of missing out on a tool like TikTok with a dose of reality — does not using TikTok really make a negative impact on the things that matter to me?

Don't Use the Internet to Entertain Yourself

You both should and can make deliberate use of your time outside work, rather than have it suckered up by the path of least resistance. A common path of least resistance is the suite of entertainment sites like Reddit; specifically designed to have you clicking through multiple links, reading comments, etc. These sites are especially harmful after the workday is over, where the freedom in your schedule enables them to become central in your leisure time. If you succumb to these, it weakens your mind's ability to resist distraction, making deep work difficult later when you really want to concentrate.
The solution: put more thought into your leisure time - think about how you will spend it in advance. Addictive websites thrive in a vacuum of having free time with nothing planned. Structured hobbies, reading books, spending time with people, etc. are all good options. A common fear might be that you won't ever actually get to relax during your "leisure hours." This misses the point. As Arnold Benett says:
One of the chief things which my typical man has to learn is that the mental faculties are capable of continuous hard activity; they do not tire like an arm or a leg. All they want is change — not rest, except in sleep.
If you give your mind something meaningful to do throughout all your waking hours, you'll end the day more fulfilled, and begin the next one more relaxed, than if you instead allow your mind to bathe for hours in semiconscious and unstructured Web surfing.

Cal's update to this rule, and on our relationship to social media in general


Specifically, ruthlessly identify the shallow work in your current schedule, then cull it down to minimum levels - leaving more time for the deep efforts that ultimately matter most. Recall that Ericsson et al. estimated that a novice can probably manage one hour a day of deliberate practice, while an expert can do up to four hours but rarely more. It may seem that, within an eight hour work day, that leaves us with at least four hours of shallow work. But this is overly optimistic given the impact of meetings, etc. and how easily they consume the workday. The following strategies help to act within this context.

Schedule every minute of your day

Across populations, when people are measured on their work/leisure/sleep habits, they work noticeably less and sleep/play noticeably more than they self-report. We spend most of our days on auto-pilot and our self-assessments of our time usage is significantly warped to assuage our ego. This is a problem. For those not able to follow the journalistic philosophy of deep work (i.e. the vast majority of people) it is therefore imperative to schedule your day to avoid falling into the shallows.
At the beginning of each work day, block your day off for everything that needs to be done. Schedule the most important things first, and the shallow stuff after. Block off everything - breaks, meals, commute, etc. To keep things clean, the minimum length of a block is 30 minutes, and you can batch smaller tasks like responding to emails, scheduling appointments, etc.
Two things are to be expected: 1) some blocks end up being too short or too long for their assigned tasks, and 2) new tasks come up. For the former, simply adjust the rest of the day's schedule on the fly. For new tasks, note them down and try to table them for a future day unless they must be addressed today (in which case adjust your schedule). Don't despair if you have to rewrite your schedule a lot. The point is to have a thoughtful say in what you're doing with your time going forward rather than falling into autopilot.
Cal notes that early on you will underestimate the time it takes to complete certain things, overflow blocks (blocks that optionally can be used for the preceding or succeeding activity) can be useful, and that you should use generic task blocks liberally (for things like online communication, etc).
Note again that this scheduling isn't about constraints on your time, but thoughtfulness about how you're spending it. If Cal comes up with an important insight that he needs to work on beyond the allocated block, he will simply run with with the work as long as possible (given there's no other necessary obligations) and adjust his schedule after the fact.

Quantify the Depth of Every Activity

Once you're scheduling your day you can quantify how much deep work you're doing. For a given activity, a useful heuristic to gauge its "depth" is to ask how many months it would take a new college hire to complete this task (e.g. advance this project, be useful at this meeting, etc). My (software engineer’s) ranges based on Cal's examples - less than two months or so is probably on the shallow end, greater than three months or so is probably on the deeper end.

Ask Your Boss for a Shallow Work Budget

Have a conversation with your boss how much time you should be spending on shallow work. The answer will probably be in the 30-50% range. Once you budget it down (and have the accountability to stick to the budget), you'll almost certainly end up forced into saying no to projects infused with shallowness while reducing shallowness in existing projects. You may drop weekly status meetings for results-driven reporting, spend more mornings in communication isolation and chunk your online communication into one or two intervals throughout the day.
This strategy provides accountability to stick to your deep work and cover when you need to turn down shallow work projects.

Finish Your Work by Five Thirty

Personally, I found this to be the most useful practice in the book.
Cal recommends fixed-schedule productivity - set the time you'll be done with work (or number of hours you'll work within the week), and work backwards to create a productive schedule within that time frame.
Because of the Damoclean cap on the day's time, you cannot afford to allow a large deadline to creep up on you, or a morning to be wasted on something trivial, and you have to always be planning your day and cutting away the shallow work.
In this way fixed-schedule productivity is a meta-habit that leads to other deep work habits and is therefore one of the best strategies for implementing deep work.

Become Hard to Reach

Tip 1 - Make people who send you email do more work. If you're going to list a public email address, specify for what reasons you want to be contacted and state you'll only respond to emails that fit those reasons. Cal's example: "If you have an offer, opportunity, or introduction that might make my life more interesting, email me at..."
Tip 2 - Do more work when you send or respond to emails. What is the "project" represented by this conversation and what is the most efficient process (in terms of messages exchanged) to bring this project to a successful conclusion?
When a "project" is initiated by an email that you send or recieve, it becomes something that's on your plate and needs to be addressed. By focusing on the whole process, adding to your task lists and calendar any relevant commitment on your part, and bringing the other party up to speed, your mind can reclaim the mental real estate the project once demanded.
Tip 3 - Don't respond. A mode of high level professors is that it's the initial sender's responsibility to convince the receiver that a reply is worthwile. If you didn't make a convincing case and sufficiently minimize the effort required by the professor to respond, you don't get a response. In this spirit, don't respond to an email if
submitted by orria to productivity [link] [comments]

2020.06.26 15:03 freedomforg The manhattan project thing 2/5

Patterson approved the acquisition of the site on 25 November 1942, authorizing $440,000 for the purchase of the site of 54,000 acres (22,000 ha), all but 8,900 acres (3,600 ha) of which were already owned by the Federal Government.[95] Secretary of Agriculture Claude R. Wickard granted use of some 45,100 acres (18,300 ha) of United States Forest Service land to the War Department "for so long as the military necessity continues".[96] The need for land, for a new road, and later for a right of way for a 25-mile (40 km) power line, eventually brought wartime land purchases to 45,737 acres (18,509.1 ha), but only $414,971 was spent.[95] Construction was contracted to the M. M. Sundt Company of Tucson, Arizona, with Willard C. Kruger and Associates of Santa Fe, New Mexico, as architect and engineer. Work commenced in December 1942. Groves initially allocated $300,000 for construction, three times Oppenheimer's estimate, with a planned completion date of 15 March 1943. It soon became clear that the scope of Project Y was greater than expected, and by the time Sundt finished on 30 November 1943, over $7 million had been spent.[97]
Map of Los Alamos site, New Mexico, 1943–45
Because it was secret, Los Alamos was referred to as "Site Y" or "the Hill".[98] Birth certificates of babies born in Los Alamos during the war listed their place of birth as PO Box 1663 in Santa Fe.[99] Initially Los Alamos was to have been a military laboratory with Oppenheimer and other researchers commissioned into the Army. Oppenheimer went so far as to order himself a lieutenant colonel's uniform, but two key physicists, Robert Bacher and Isidor Rabi, balked at the idea. Conant, Groves and Oppenheimer then devised a compromise whereby the laboratory was operated by the University of California under contract to the War Department.[100]
Main article: Metallurgical Laboratory
An Army-OSRD council on 25 June 1942 decided to build a pilot plant for plutonium production in Red Gate Woods southwest of Chicago. In July, Nichols arranged for a lease of 1,025 acres (415 ha) from the Cook County Forest Preserve District, and Captain James F. Grafton was appointed Chicago area engineer. It soon became apparent that the scale of operations was too great for the area, and it was decided to build the plant at Oak Ridge, and keep a research and testing facility in Chicago.[101][102]
Delays in establishing the plant in Red Gate Woods led Compton to authorize the Metallurgical Laboratory to construct the first nuclear reactor beneath the bleachers of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago. The reactor required an enormous amount of graphite blocks and uranium pellets. At the time, there was a limited source of pure uranium. Frank Spedding of Iowa State University were able to produce only two short tons of pure uranium. Additional three short tons of uranium metal was supplied by Westinghouse Lamp Plant which was produced in a rush with makeshift process. A large square balloon was constructed by Goodyear Tire to encase the reactor.[103][104] On 2 December 1942, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiated the first artificial[note 3] self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in an experimental reactor known as Chicago Pile-1.[106] The point at which a reaction becomes self-sustaining became known as "going critical". Compton reported the success to Conant in Washington, D.C., by a coded phone call, saying, "The Italian navigator [Fermi] has just landed in the new world."[107][note 4]
In January 1943, Grafton's successor, Major Arthur V. Peterson, ordered Chicago Pile-1 dismantled and reassembled at Red Gate Woods, as he regarded the operation of a reactor as too hazardous for a densely populated area.[108] At the Argonne site, Chicago Pile-3, the first heavy water reactor, went critical on 15 May 1944.[109][110] After the war, the operations that remained at Red Gate moved to the new site of the Argonne National Laboratory about 6 miles (9.7 km) away.[102]
Main article: Hanford Site
By December 1942 there were concerns that even Oak Ridge was too close to a major population center (Knoxville) in the unlikely event of a major nuclear accident. Groves recruited DuPont in November 1942 to be the prime contractor for the construction of the plutonium production complex. DuPont was offered a standard cost plus fixed-fee contract, but the President of the company, Walter S. Carpenter, Jr., wanted no profit of any kind, and asked for the proposed contract to be amended to explicitly exclude the company from acquiring any patent rights. This was accepted, but for legal reasons a nominal fee of one dollar was agreed upon. After the war, DuPont asked to be released from the contract early, and had to return 33 cents.[111]
A large crowd of sullen looking workmen at a counter where two women are writing. Some of the workmen are wearing identify photographs of themselves on their hats.
Hanford workers collect their paychecks at the Western Union office.
DuPont recommended that the site be located far from the existing uranium production facility at Oak Ridge.[112] In December 1942, Groves dispatched Colonel Franklin Matthias and DuPont engineers to scout potential sites. Matthias reported that Hanford Site near Richland, Washington, was "ideal in virtually all respects". It was isolated and near the Columbia River, which could supply sufficient water to cool the reactors that would produce the plutonium. Groves visited the site in January and established the Hanford Engineer Works (HEW), codenamed "Site W".[113]
Under Secretary Patterson gave his approval on 9 February, allocating $5 million for the acquisition of 40,000 acres (16,000 ha) of land in the area. The federal government relocated some 1,500 residents of White Bluffs and Hanford, and nearby settlements, as well as the Wanapum and other tribes using the area. A dispute arose with farmers over compensation for crops, which had already been planted before the land was acquired. Where schedules allowed, the Army allowed the crops to be harvested, but this was not always possible.[113] The land acquisition process dragged on and was not completed before the end of the Manhattan Project in December 1946.[114]
The dispute did not delay work. Although progress on the reactor design at Metallurgical Laboratory and DuPont was not sufficiently advanced to accurately predict the scope of the project, a start was made in April 1943 on facilities for an estimated 25,000 workers, half of whom were expected to live on-site. By July 1944, some 1,200 buildings had been erected and nearly 51,000 people were living in the construction camp. As area engineer, Matthias exercised overall control of the site.[115] At its peak, the construction camp was the third most populous town in Washington state.[116] Hanford operated a fleet of over 900 buses, more than the city of Chicago.[117] Like Los Alamos and Oak Ridge, Richland was a gated community with restricted access, but it looked more like a typical wartime American boomtown: the military profile was lower, and physical security elements like high fences, towers, and guard dogs were less evident.[118]
Canadian sites
Main article: Montreal Laboratory
British Columbia
Cominco had produced electrolytic hydrogen at Trail, British Columbia, since 1930. Urey suggested in 1941 that it could produce heavy water. To the existing $10 million plant consisting of 3,215 cells consuming 75 MW of hydroelectric power, secondary electrolysis cells were added to increase the deuterium concentration in the water from 2.3% to 99.8%. For this process, Hugh Taylor of Princeton developed a platinum-on-carbon catalyst for the first three stages while Urey developed a nickel-chromia one for the fourth stage tower. The final cost was $2.8 million. The Canadian Government did not officially learn of the project until August 1942. Trail's heavy water production started in January 1944 and continued until 1956. Heavy water from Trail was used for Chicago Pile 3, the first reactor using heavy water and natural uranium, which went critical on 15 May 1944.[119]
The Chalk River, Ontario, site was established to rehouse the Allied effort at the Montreal Laboratory away from an urban area. A new community was built at Deep River, Ontario, to provide residences and facilities for the team members. The site was chosen for its proximity to the industrial manufacturing area of Ontario and Quebec, and proximity to a rail head adjacent to a large military base, Camp Petawawa. Located on the Ottawa River, it had access to abundant water. The first director of the new laboratory was Hans von Halban. He was replaced by John Cockcroft in May 1944, who in turn was succeeded by Bennett Lewis in September 1946. A pilot reactor known as ZEEP (zero-energy experimental pile) became the first Canadian reactor, and the first to be completed outside the United States, when it went critical in September 1945, ZEEP remained in use by researchers until 1970.[120] A larger 10 MW NRX reactor, which was designed during the war, was completed and went critical in July 1947.[119]
Northwest Territories
The Eldorado Mine at Port Radium was a source of uranium ore.[121]
Heavy water sites
Main article: P-9 Project
Although DuPont's preferred designs for the nuclear reactors were helium cooled and used graphite as a moderator, DuPont still expressed an interest in using heavy water as a backup, in case the graphite reactor design proved infeasible for some reason. For this purpose, it was estimated that 3 short tons (2.7 t) of heavy water would be required per month. The P-9 Project was the government's code name for the heavy water production program. As the plant at Trail, which was then under construction, could produce 0.5 short tons (0.45 t) per month, additional capacity was required. Groves therefore authorized DuPont to establish heavy water facilities at the Morgantown Ordnance Works, near Morgantown, West Virginia; at the Wabash River Ordnance Works, near Dana and Newport, Indiana; and at the Alabama Ordnance Works, near Childersburg and Sylacauga, Alabama. Although known as Ordnance Works and paid for under Ordnance Department contracts, they were built and operated by the Army Corps of Engineers. The American plants used a process different from Trail's; heavy water was extracted by distillation, taking advantage of the slightly higher boiling point of heavy water.[122][123]
The key raw material for the project was uranium, which was used as fuel for the reactors, as feed that was transformed into plutonium, and, in its enriched form, in the atomic bomb itself. There were four known major deposits of uranium in 1940: in Colorado, in northern Canada, in Joachimsthal in Czechoslovakia, and in the Belgian Congo.[124] All but Joachimstal were in allied hands. A November 1942 survey determined that sufficient quantities of uranium were available to satisfy the project's requirements.[125] Nichols arranged with the State Department for export controls to be placed on uranium oxide and negotiated for the purchase of 1,200 short tons (1,100 t) of uranium ore from the Belgian Congo that was being stored in a warehouse on Staten Island and the remaining stocks of mined ore stored in the Congo. He negotiated with Eldorado Gold Mines for the purchase of ore from its refinery in Port Hope, Ontario, and its shipment in 100-ton lots. The Canadian government subsequently bought up the company's stock until it acquired a controlling interest.[126]
While these purchases assured a sufficient supply to meet wartime needs, the American and British leaders concluded that it was in their countries' interest to gain control of as much of the world's uranium deposits as possible. The richest source of ore was the Shinkolobwe mine in the Belgian Congo, but it was flooded and closed. Nichols unsuccessfully attempted to negotiate its reopening and the sale of the entire future output to the United States with Edgar Sengier, the director of the company that owned the mine, Union Minière du Haut Katanga.[127] The matter was then taken up by the Combined Policy Committee. As 30 percent of Union Minière's stock was controlled by British interests, the British took the lead in negotiations. Sir John Anderson and Ambassador John Winant hammered out a deal with Sengier and the Belgian government in May 1944 for the mine to be reopened and 1,720 short tons (1,560 t) of ore to be purchased at $1.45 a pound.[128] To avoid dependence on the British and Canadians for ore, Groves also arranged for the purchase of US Vanadium Corporation's stockpile in Uravan, Colorado. Uranium mining in Colorado yielded about 800 short tons (730 t) of ore.[129]
Mallinckrodt Incorporated in St. Louis, Missouri, took the raw ore and dissolved it in nitric acid to produce uranyl nitrate. Ether was then added in a liquid–liquid extraction process to separate the impurities from the uranyl nitrate. This was then heated to form uranium trioxide, which was reduced to highly pure uranium dioxide.[130] By July 1942, Mallinckrodt was producing a ton of highly pure oxide a day, but turning this into uranium metal initially proved more difficult for contractors Westinghouse and Metal Hydrides.[131] Production was too slow and quality was unacceptably low. A special branch of the Metallurgical Laboratory was established at Iowa State College in Ames, Iowa, under Frank Spedding to investigate alternatives. This became known as the Ames Project, and its Ames process became available in 1943.[132]
Uranium refining at Ames
A "bomb" (pressure vessel) containing uranium halide and sacrificial metal, probably magnesium, being lowered into a furnace
After the reaction, the interior of a bomb coated with remnant slag
A uranium metal "biscuit" from the reduction reaction
Isotope separation
Natural uranium consists of 99.3% uranium-238 and 0.7% uranium-235, but only the latter is fissile. The chemically identical uranium-235 has to be physically separated from the more plentiful isotope. Various methods were considered for uranium enrichment, most of which was carried out at Oak Ridge.[133]
The most obvious technology, the centrifuge, failed, but electromagnetic separation, gaseous diffusion, and thermal diffusion technologies were all successful and contributed to the project. In February 1943, Groves came up with the idea of using the output of some plants as the input for others.[134]
Contour map of the Oak Ridge area. There is a river to the south, while the township is in the north.
Oak Ridge hosted several uranium separation technologies. The Y-12 electromagnetic separation plant is in the upper right. The K-25 and K-27 gaseous diffusion plants are in the lower left, near the S-50 thermal diffusion plant. (The X-10 was for plutonium production.)
The centrifuge process was regarded as the only promising separation method in April 1942.[135] Jesse Beams had developed such a process at the University of Virginia during the 1930s, but had encountered technical difficulties. The process required high rotational speeds, but at certain speeds harmonic vibrations developed that threatened to tear the machinery apart. It was therefore necessary to accelerate quickly through these speeds. In 1941 he began working with uranium hexafluoride, the only known gaseous compound of uranium, and was able to separate uranium-235. At Columbia, Urey had Karl Cohen investigate the process, and he produced a body of mathematical theory making it possible to design a centrifugal separation unit, which Westinghouse undertook to construct.[136]
Scaling this up to a production plant presented a formidable technical challenge. Urey and Cohen estimated that producing a kilogram (2.2 lb) of uranium-235 per day would require up to 50,000 centrifuges with 1-meter (3 ft 3 in) rotors, or 10,000 centrifuges with 4-meter (13 ft) rotors, assuming that 4-meter rotors could be built. The prospect of keeping so many rotors operating continuously at high speed appeared daunting,[137] and when Beams ran his experimental apparatus, he obtained only 60% of the predicted yield, indicating that more centrifuges would be required. Beams, Urey and Cohen then began work on a series of improvements which promised to increase the efficiency of the process. However, frequent failures of motors, shafts and bearings at high speeds delayed work on the pilot plant.[138] In November 1942 the centrifuge process was abandoned by the Military Policy Committee following a recommendation by Conant, Nichols and August C. Klein of Stone & Webster.[139]
Although the centrifuge method was abandoned by the Manhattan Project, research into it advanced significantly after the war with the introduction of the Zippe-type centrifuge, which was developed in the Soviet Union by Soviet and captured German engineers.[140] It eventually became the preferred method of Uranium isotope separation, being far more economical than the other separation methods used during WWII.[141]
Electromagnetic separation
Main article: Y-12 Project
Electromagnetic isotope separation was developed by Lawrence at the University of California Radiation Laboratory. This method employed devices known as calutrons, a hybrid of the standard laboratory mass spectrometer and the cyclotron magnet. The name was derived from the words California, university and cyclotron.[142] In the electromagnetic process, a magnetic field deflected charged particles according to mass.[143] The process was neither scientifically elegant nor industrially efficient.[144] Compared with a gaseous diffusion plant or a nuclear reactor, an electromagnetic separation plant would consume more scarce materials, require more manpower to operate, and cost more to build. Nonetheless, the process was approved because it was based on proven technology and therefore represented less risk. Moreover, it could be built in stages, and rapidly reach industrial capacity.[142]
A large oval-shaped structure
Alpha I racetrack at Y-12
Marshall and Nichols discovered that the electromagnetic isotope separation process would require 5,000 short tons (4,500 tonnes) of copper, which was in desperately short supply. However, silver could be substituted, in an 11:10 ratio. On 3 August 1942, Nichols met with Under Secretary of the Treasury Daniel W. Bell and asked for the transfer of 6,000 tons of silver bullion from the West Point Bullion Depository. "Young man," Bell told him, "you may think of silver in tons but the Treasury will always think of silver in troy ounces!"[145] Eventually, 14,700 short tons (13,300 tonnes; 430,000,000 troy ounces) were used.[146]
The 1,000-troy-ounce (31 kg) silver bars were cast into cylindrical billets and taken to Phelps Dodge in Bayway, New Jersey, where they were extruded into strips 0.625 inches (15.9 mm) thick, 3 inches (76 mm) wide and 40 feet (12 m) long. These were wound onto magnetic coils by Allis-Chalmers in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After the war, all the machinery was dismantled and cleaned and the floorboards beneath the machinery were ripped up and burned to recover minute amounts of silver. In the end, only 1/3,600,000th was lost.[146][147] The last silver was returned in May 1970.[148]
Responsibility for the design and construction of the electromagnetic separation plant, which came to be called Y-12, was assigned to Stone & Webster by the S-1 Committee in June 1942. The design called for five first-stage processing units, known as Alpha racetracks, and two units for final processing, known as Beta racetracks. In September 1943 Groves authorized construction of four more racetracks, known as Alpha II. Construction began in February 1943.[149]
When the plant was started up for testing on schedule in October, the 14-ton vacuum tanks crept out of alignment because of the power of the magnets, and had to be fastened more securely. A more serious problem arose when the magnetic coils started shorting out. In December Groves ordered a magnet to be broken open, and handfuls of rust were found inside. Groves then ordered the racetracks to be torn down and the magnets sent back to the factory to be cleaned. A pickling plant was established on-site to clean the pipes and fittings.[144] The second Alpha I was not operational until the end of January 1944, the first Beta and first and third Alpha I's came online in March, and the fourth Alpha I was operational in April. The four Alpha II racetracks were completed between July and October 1944.[150]
A long corridor with many consoles with dials and switches, attended by women seated on high stools
Calutron Girls were young women who monitored calutron control panels at Y-12. Gladys Owens, seated in the foreground, was unaware of what she had been involved with until seeing this photo on a public tour of the facility 50 years later. Photo by Ed Westcott.[151]
Tennessee Eastman was contracted to manage Y-12 on the usual cost plus fixed-fee basis, with a fee of $22,500 per month plus $7,500 per racetrack for the first seven racetracks and $4,000 per additional racetrack.[152] The calutrons were initially operated by scientists from Berkeley to remove bugs and achieve a reasonable operating rate. They were then turned over to trained Tennessee Eastman operators who had only a high school education. Nichols compared unit production data, and pointed out to Lawrence that the young "hillbilly" girl operators were outperforming his PhDs. They agreed to a production race and Lawrence lost, a morale boost for the Tennessee Eastman workers and supervisors. The girls were "trained like soldiers not to reason why", while "the scientists could not refrain from time-consuming investigation of the cause of even minor fluctuations of the dials."[153]
Y-12 initially enriched the uranium-235 content to between 13% and 15%, and shipped the first few hundred grams of this to Los Alamos in March 1944. Only 1 part in 5,825 of the uranium feed emerged as final product. Much of the rest was splattered over equipment in the process. Strenuous recovery efforts helped raise production to 10% of the uranium-235 feed by January 1945. In February the Alpha racetracks began receiving slightly enriched (1.4%) feed from the new S-50 thermal diffusion plant. The next month it received enhanced (5%) feed from the K-25 gaseous diffusion plant. By August K-25 was producing uranium sufficiently enriched to feed directly into the Beta tracks.[154]
Gaseous diffusion
Main article: K-25
The most promising but also the most challenging method of isotope separation was gaseous diffusion. Graham's law states that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular mass, so in a box containing a semi-permeable membrane and a mixture of two gases, the lighter molecules will pass out of the container more rapidly than the heavier molecules. The gas leaving the container is somewhat enriched in the lighter molecules, while the residual gas is somewhat depleted. The idea was that such boxes could be formed into a cascade of pumps and membranes, with each successive stage containing a slightly more enriched mixture. Research into the process was carried out at Columbia University by a group that included Harold Urey, Karl P. Cohen, and John R. Dunning.[155]
Oblique aerial view of an enormous U-shaped building
Oak Ridge K-25 plant
In November 1942 the Military Policy Committee approved the construction of a 600-stage gaseous diffusion plant.[156] On 14 December, M. W. Kellogg accepted an offer to construct the plant, which was codenamed K-25. A cost plus fixed-fee contract was negotiated, eventually totaling $2.5 million. A separate corporate entity called Kellex was created for the project, headed by Percival C. Keith, one of Kellogg's vice presidents.[157] The process faced formidable technical difficulties. The highly corrosive gas uranium hexafluoride would have to be used, as no substitute could be found, and the motors and pumps would have to be vacuum tight and enclosed in inert gas. The biggest problem was the design of the barrier, which would have to be strong, porous and resistant to corrosion by uranium hexafluoride. The best choice for this seemed to be nickel. Edward Adler and Edward Norris created a mesh barrier from electroplated nickel. A six-stage pilot plant was built at Columbia to test the process, but the Norris-Adler prototype proved to be too brittle. A rival barrier was developed from powdered nickel by Kellex, the Bell Telephone Laboratories and the Bakelite Corporation. In January 1944, Groves ordered the Kellex barrier into production.[158][159]
Kellex's design for K-25 called for a four-story 0.5-mile (0.80 km) long U-shaped structure containing 54 contiguous buildings. These were divided into nine sections. Within these were cells of six stages. The cells could be operated independently, or consecutively within a section. Similarly, the sections could be operated separately or as part of a single cascade. A survey party began construction by marking out the 500-acre (2.0 km2) site in May 1943. Work on the main building began in October 1943, and the six-stage pilot plant was ready for operation on 17 April 1944. In 1945 Groves canceled the upper stages of the plant, directing Kellex to instead design and build a 540-stage side feed unit, which became known as K-27. Kellex transferred the last unit to the operating contractor, Union Carbide and Carbon, on 11 September 1945. The total cost, including the K-27 plant completed after the war, came to $480 million.[160]
The production plant commenced operation in February 1945, and as cascade after cascade came online, the quality of the product increased. By April 1945, K-25 had attained a 1.1% enrichment and the output of the S-50 thermal diffusion plant began being used as feed. Some product produced the next month reached nearly 7% enrichment. In August, the last of the 2,892 stages commenced operation. K-25 and K-27 achieved their full potential in the early postwar period, when they eclipsed the other production plants and became the prototypes for a new generation of plants.[161]
Thermal diffusion
Main article: S-50 Project
The thermal diffusion process was based on Sydney Chapman and David Enskog's theory, which explained that when a mixed gas passes through a temperature gradient, the heavier one tends to concentrate at the cold end and the lighter one at the warm end. Since hot gases tend to rise and cool ones tend to fall, this can be used as a means of isotope separation. This process was first demonstrated by Klaus Clusius and Gerhard Dickel in Germany in 1938.[162] It was developed by US Navy scientists, but was not one of the enrichment technologies initially selected for use in the Manhattan Project. This was primarily due to doubts about its technical feasibility, but the inter-service rivalry between the Army and Navy also played a part.[163]
A factory with three smoking chimneys on a river bend, viewed from above
The S-50 plant is the dark building to the upper left behind the Oak Ridge powerhouse (with smoke stacks).
The Naval Research Laboratory continued the research under Philip Abelson's direction, but there was little contact with the Manhattan Project until April 1944, when Captain William S. Parsons, the naval officer in charge of ordnance development at Los Alamos, brought Oppenheimer news of encouraging progress in the Navy's experiments on thermal diffusion. Oppenheimer wrote to Groves suggesting that the output of a thermal diffusion plant could be fed into Y-12. Groves set up a committee consisting of Warren K. Lewis, Eger Murphree and Richard Tolman to investigate the idea, and they estimated that a thermal diffusion plant costing $3.5 million could enrich 50 kilograms (110 lb) of uranium per week to nearly 0.9% uranium-235. Groves approved its construction on 24 June 1944.[164]
Groves contracted with the H. K. Ferguson Company of Cleveland, Ohio, to build the thermal diffusion plant, which was designated S-50. Groves's advisers, Karl Cohen and W. I. Thompson from Standard Oil,[165] estimated that it would take six months to build. Groves gave Ferguson just four. Plans called for the installation of 2,142 48-foot-tall (15 m) diffusion columns arranged in 21 racks. Inside each column were three concentric tubes. Steam, obtained from the nearby K-25 powerhouse at a pressure of 100 pounds per square inch (690 kPa) and temperature of 545 °F (285 °C), flowed downward through the innermost 1.25-inch (32 mm) nickel pipe, while water at 155 °F (68 °C) flowed upward through the outermost iron pipe. The uranium hexafluoride flowed in the middle copper pipe, and isotope separation of the uranium occurred between the nickel and copper pipes.[166]
Work commenced on 9 July 1944, and S-50 began partial operation in September. Ferguson operated the plant through a subsidiary known as Fercleve. The plant produced just 10.5 pounds (4.8 kg) of 0.852% uranium-235 in October. Leaks limited production and forced shutdowns over the next few months, but in June 1945 it produced 12,730 pounds (5,770 kg).[167] By March 1945, all 21 production racks were operating. Initially the output of S-50 was fed into Y-12, but starting in March 1945 all three enrichment processes were run in series. S-50 became the first stage, enriching from 0.71% to 0.89%. This material was fed into the gaseous diffusion process in the K-25 plant, which produced a product enriched to about 23%. This was, in turn, fed into Y-12,[168] which boosted it to about 89%, sufficient for nuclear weapons.[169]
Aggregate U-235 production
About 50 kilograms (110 lb) of uranium enriched to 89% uranium-235 was delivered to Los Alamos by July 1945.[169] The entire 50 kg, along with some 50%-enriched, averaging out to about 85% enriched, were used in Little Boy.[169]
The second line of development pursued by the Manhattan Project used the fissile element plutonium. Although small amounts of plutonium exist in nature, the best way to obtain large quantities of the element is in a nuclear reactor, in which natural uranium is bombarded by neutrons. The uranium-238 is transmuted into uranium-239, which rapidly decays, first into neptunium-239 and then into plutonium-239.[170] Only a small amount of the uranium-238 will be transformed, so the plutonium must be chemically separated from the remaining uranium, from any initial impurities, and from fission products.[170]
X-10 Graphite Reactor
Main article: X-10 Graphite Reactor
Two workmen on a movable platform similar to that used by window washers, stick a rod into one of many small holes in the wall in front of them.
Workers load uranium slugs into the X-10 Graphite Reactor.
In March 1943, DuPont began construction of a plutonium plant on a 112-acre (0.5 km2) site at Oak Ridge. Intended as a pilot plant for the larger production facilities at Hanford, it included the air-cooled X-10 Graphite Reactor, a chemical separation plant, and support facilities. Because of the subsequent decision to construct water-cooled reactors at Hanford, only the chemical separation plant operated as a true pilot.[171] The X-10 Graphite Reactor consisted of a huge block of graphite, 24 feet (7.3 m) long on each side, weighing around 1,500 short tons (1,400 t), surrounded by 7 feet (2.1 m) of high-density concrete as a radiation shield.[171]
The greatest difficulty was encountered with the uranium slugs produced by Mallinckrodt and Metal Hydrides. These somehow had to be coated in aluminum to avoid corrosion and the escape of fission products into the cooling system. The Grasselli Chemical Company attempted to develop a hot dipping process without success. Meanwhile, Alcoa tried canning. A new process for flux-less welding was developed, and 97% of the cans passed a standard vacuum test, but high temperature tests indicated a failure rate of more than 50%. Nonetheless, production began in June 1943. The Metallurgical Laboratory eventually developed an improved welding technique with the help of General Electric, which was incorporated into the production process in October 1943.[172]
Watched by Fermi and Compton, the X-10 Graphite Reactor went critical on 4 November 1943 with about 30 short tons (27 t) of uranium. A week later the load was increased to 36 short tons (33 t), raising its power generation to 500 kW, and by the end of the month the first 500 mg of plutonium was created.[173] Modifications over time raised the power to 4,000 kW in July 1944. X-10 operated as a production plant until January 1945, when it was turned over to research activities.[174]
Hanford reactors
Main article: Hanford Site
Although an air-cooled design was chosen for the reactor at Oak Ridge to facilitate rapid construction, it was recognized that this would be impractical for the much larger production reactors. Initial designs by the Metallurgical Laboratory and DuPont used helium for cooling, before they determined that a water-cooled reactor would be simpler, cheaper and quicker to build.[175] The design did not become available until 4 October 1943; in the meantime, Matthias concentrated on improving the Hanford Site by erecting accommodations, improving the roads, building a railway switch line, and upgrading the electricity, water and telephone lines.[176]
An aerial view of the Hanford B-Reactor site from June 1944. At center is the reactor building. Small trucks dot the landscape and give a sense of scale. Two large water towers loom above the plant.
Aerial view of Hanford B-Reactor site, June 1944
As at Oak Ridge, the most difficulty was encountered while canning the uranium slugs, which commenced at Hanford in March 1944. They were pickled to remove dirt and impurities, dipped in molten bronze, tin, and aluminum-silicon alloy, canned using hydraulic presses, and then capped using arc welding under an argon atmosphere. Finally, they were subjected to a series of tests to detect holes or faulty welds. Disappointingly, most canned slugs initially failed the tests, resulting in an output of only a handful of canned slugs per day. But steady progress was made and by June 1944 production increased to the point where it appeared that enough canned slugs would be available to start Reactor B on schedule in August 1944.[177]
Work began on Reactor B, the first of six planned 250 MW reactors, on 10 October 1943.[178] The reactor complexes were given letter designations A through F, with B, D and F sites chosen to be developed first, as this maximised the distance between the reactors. They would be the only ones constructed during the Manhattan Project.[179] Some 390 short tons (350 t) of steel, 17,400 cubic yards (13,300 m3) of concrete, 50,000 concrete blocks and 71,000 concrete bricks were used to construct the 120-foot (37 m) high building.
Construction of the reactor itself commenced in February 1944.[180] Watched by Compton, Matthias, DuPont's Crawford Greenewalt, Leona Woods and Fermi, who inserted the first slug, the reactor was powered up beginning on 13 September 1944. Over the next few days, 838 tubes were loaded and the reactor went critical. Shortly after midnight on 27 September, the operators began to withdraw the control rods to initiate production. At first all appeared well but around 03:00 the power level started to drop and by 06:30 the reactor had shut down completely. The cooling water was investigated to see if there was a leak or contamination. The next day the reactor started up again, only to shut down once more.[181][182]
Fermi contacted Chien-Shiung Wu, who identified the cause of the problem as neutron poisoning from xenon-135, which has a half-life of 9.2 hours.[183] Fermi, Woods, Donald J. Hughes and John Archibald Wheeler then calculated the nuclear cross section of xenon-135, which turned out to be 30,000 times that of uranium.[184] DuPont engineer George Graves had deviated from the Metallurgical Laboratory's original design in which the reactor had 1,500 tubes arranged in a circle, and had added an additional 504 tubes to fill in the corners. The scientists had originally considered this overengineering a waste of time and money, but Fermi realized that by loading all 2,004 tubes, the reactor could reach the required power level and efficiently produce plutonium.[185] Reactor D was started on 17 December 1944 and Reactor F on 25 February 1945.[186]
Separation process
A contour map showing the fork of the Columbia and Yakima rivers and the boundary of the land, with seven small red squares marked on it
Map of the Hanford Site. Railroads flank the plants to the north and south. Reactors are the three northernmost red squares, along the Columbia River. The separation plants are the lower two red squares from the grouping south of the reactors. The bottom red square is the 300 area.
Meanwhile, the chemists considered the problem of how plutonium could be separated from uranium when its chemical properties were not known. Working with the minute quantities of plutonium available at the Metallurgical Laboratory in 1942, a team under Charles M. Cooper developed a lanthanum fluoride process for separating uranium and plutonium, which was chosen for the pilot separation plant. A second separation process, the bismuth phosphate process, was subsequently developed by Seaborg and Stanly G. Thomson.[187] This process worked by toggling plutonium between its +4 and +6 oxidation states in solutions of bismuth phosphate. In the former state, the plutonium was precipitated; in the latter, it stayed in solution and the other products were precipitated.[188]
Greenewalt favored the bismuth phosphate process due to the corrosive nature of lanthanum fluoride, and it was selected for the Hanford separation plants.[189] Once X-10 began producing plutonium, the pilot separation plant was put to the test. The first batch was processed at 40% efficiency but over the next few months this was raised to 90%.[174]
At Hanford, top priority was initially given to the installations in the 300 area. This contained buildings for testing materials, preparing uranium, and assembling and calibrating instrumentation. One of the buildings housed the canning equipment for the uranium slugs, while another contained a small test reactor. Notwithstanding the high priority allocated to it, work on the 300 area fell behind schedule due to the unique and complex nature of the 300 area facilities, and wartime shortages of labor and materials.[190]
Early plans called for the construction of two separation plants in each of the areas known as 200-West and 200-East. This was subsequently reduced to two, the T and U plants, in 200-West and one, the B plant, at 200-East.[191] Each separation plant consisted of four buildings: a process cell building or "canyon" (known as 221), a concentration building (224), a purification building (231) and a magazine store (213). The canyons were each 800 feet (240 m) long and 65 feet (20 m) wide. Each consisted of forty 17.7-by-13-by-20-foot (5.4 by 4.0 by 6.1 m) cells.[192]
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2020.05.22 17:23 genericvillagerone SMG4: SMG2012 - Chapter 8: Reunion

SMG4: SMG2012 - Chapter 8: Reunion
prologue, Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
(This chapter is continued from Chapter 7, so I would recommend reading that first in case you need a quick refresher of the day's events: https://www.reddit.com/SMG4/comments/gaxhyo/smg4_smg2012_chapter_7_against_no_mans_sky/ )
Again, sorry for the long wait; I've had to study for AP Exams in addition to homework for online classes and such. In addition, the week I was originally going to post this the whole Beeg SMG4 vs. Long SMG4 war broke out on the sub; and I had to delay this further to avoid this getting swamped by those posts. I think the war has calmed down enough to the point where I can post this w/out it getting swamped by the beeg vs. long posts.
It's a day later than I hoped to release this, but I hope this was worth the wait...
(Also, if you're new to the sub, welcome to this hellhole wonderful place known as SMG4 where there is no conflict whatsoever!)

Date: 23 November 2020, 15:45
[music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2LhaXf3iTHo]
The city was under attack; 300-style. Somber overtones casted the skies as helpless Mushroom City citizens were whisked away by the guards in a Nazi Germany-like scene with the Jews; loaded onto dropships, where then they were whisked away into the skies. Hundreds of dropships both converged and took citizens out of the city; presumably to work in Aracaia's multifarious fields.
Avenues passed SMG4 as he ran. Newport: He saw a dropship loading people; who were struggling to escape. 124th: Citizens were trying to fight off the guards to no avail. Truman: Completely empty except for the occasional guard.
Greenwich; 108th; Porter; Nowak; 102nd: all empty as well. 108th had a dropship on it; but SMG4 was not noticed by them.
However, 99th Avenue - right before Kelling - contained two guards talking.
"How's the clear out going on Kelling?"
"We should have 145 people on each dropship; but three are missing on 5896, according to records obtained from the Mayor's office. All in Apartment 16A. A guard reported one person in there. There should have been four."
"Leave 'em be. We'll come back for them."
SMG4 ran past the two guards. One noticed him. "STOP RIGHT THERE! BY ORDER OF LORD PHINEAS, YOU ARE-"
The guard was taken out by a spare rocket launcher SMG4 had lying around.
The other guard was astonished.
SMG4: You wanna get blasted too?!
The other guard ran. "Nope nonopenopenope so much no!"
SMG4: I thought so.
He finally reached Kelling Avenue, made a right, and then saw two more guards exiting the building he was supposed to go into. They were loading Tari onto a dropship.
Tari: Let me go!
Guard: Too bad. Join the others.
And they threw her violently into the nearby dropship.
SMG4: S***. I didn't know it would be this bad. I hope Luigi is still fine.
SMG4 skulked across the road and entered the apartment building. Guards were shoving residents out of the building via the stairs. SMG4 decided to take the elevator; however, there was a guard inside it. He used skills he learned from playing as the Spy in Team Fortress 2 to take them out. He went up to the sixteenth floor and entered the apartment. No one was there.
[music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_yGpoRbwe4s]
"You have gotta be f***ing kidding me."
He went over to the TV and turned it on. The news was covering the events in Mushroom City (from a safe studio in New Sydney).
"We now look live at Mushroom City, where it seems the city is under attack by aliens after an eight-hour siege last night that involved a Cthulhu-like creature and ended with the destruction of parts of the city by a large explosion. Police are calling it a gas main explosion, but others say it was not. We are getting new information as we speak, we'll update you as soon as it comes in."
The scene then pans to the kitchen, where Luigi is hiding behind the counter top.
Luigi: Is that-
SMG4 looked at the kitchen because he had heard a noise. He didn't see anything, so he went back to watching the news.
Later on, SMG4 then decided to get something from the kitchen. He went to the fridge and pulled out lunchmeat. He made a sandwich and then saw the frightened Luigi on the ground.
SMG4: Hi Luigi.

two minutes later...
[music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ve2Fj1KgJL8]
SMG4: So what happened?
Luigi: Well, there was a knock on our door. They told us to surrender; Tari told me to hide in the other room and I haven't seen her since.
SMG4: I saw her getting put on one of those dropships. Don't know where they're headed.
Luigi: You mean she was kidnapped?
SMG4: Yep. How's Astrid?
Luigi: She's fine, just sleeping. What about the others? Are they safe?
SMG4: The crew that was down with me was captured by those guards. Mario was one of them.
Luigi: Mama mia, that's horrible. Is he okay?
SMG4: I'm not sure, he's probably starving right now.
Luigi: We need a game plan to rescue them.
SMG4: Do you have any ideas?
Luigi: Why would I look like I have any ideas? Do you?
SMG4: I do, actually. I have a bus that can get us where we need to go.
Luigi: Can it go over water? Otherwise, it's a long drive.
SMG4: Unfortunately, no; however, I have been working with E. Gadd and an auto workshop in the outskirts of the city since April on an upgrade to the Death Bus that will turn it into a propeller airplane. It's clunky, but I think it will work.
Luigi: Will it help us get to wherever they are?
SMG4: I'm not sure...we don't even know where they are...

Location: somewhere near Al Kharkhir, Saudi Arabia (the de facto Republic of Aracaia)
Date: 23 November 2020, 09:00 Saudi Arabian time (16:00 NSW time)
[music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6zcKwD-Rrss]
We now enter a vast expanse of desert; where we met our frenemies, the Aracaians, in the prologue of the story. We see a large golden building shining in the daylight (they like keeping things clean); where hundreds of dropships are converging. It was a landing pad.
We now see Dropship 2002 expunging its captives. We see Mario, Bob, Boopkins, Meggy, Steve and Shroomy all pushed out of the dropship by the same Oblivion guards that captured them. We also see Tari being pushed out Dropship 5896, directly east of the other dropship.
There must have been about two million people they kidnapped; because the room where they were stored in (the same room where Phineas held his meeting in the prologue) was jam-packed with people (officially the Aracaians kidnapped exactly 1,969,420 people - half of Mushroom City - but we will round up to two million for convenience).
We now see our favorite antagonist, Phineas, going up to speak.
"Welcome everyone. I see that this isn't the most ideal conditions for some of you, so let me explain. My name is Phineappolis Maximus Grennicum; or Supreme Leader Phineas for short. I am the leader of this great civilization you people claim is part of Saudi Arabia. But it's not. We are the Republic of Aracaia. We have brought you here to work on our massive plantations. You see, being dormant for ten millennia has a toll on the body. We need a viable workforce. Those who stand against us, please rise now."
We see a man (presumably a lawyer) stand up. Numerous other people stood up in solidarity. They were then whisked away by guards. One could hear a machine gun in the distance, followed by screams that were quickly silenced. A wave of fear and dread was spread over the audience like butter on toast.
Once that whole "speed bump" was over, Phineas went back to his monologue.
"Well, now that that's settled, welcome to your permanent home for the rest of your miserable lives. Please put on the required uniforms we have provided for you-"
He pulled out a white shirt and khaki pants.
"-and follow the guards to your designated plantation location. Thank you, and have a good rest of your day."

Location: 1520 Kelling Avenue, Apartment 16A, Mushroom City, New South Wales Commonwealth, New Australia
Date: 23 November 2020, 16:30 NSW time
[music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyb33RgAxis&t=50s]
Luigi: So wait, you said that everyone we know was kidnapped.
SMG4: Right.
Luigi: S***, I can't think on how Mario is feeling right now.
SMG4: Probably just the same as he is now - stupid and always happy.
???: So are we going or not?
Luigi and SMG4 looked up. Apparently, Astrid was well enough to get out of bed.
SMG4: Hello, how are you?
Astrid: Still a little weak, but f-
She fell to the floor.
Luigi: Still a little weak?
He picked her up and laid her on the couch.
Astrid: Thanks.
SMG4: Now that all is settled, we're the only ones left. Everyone else is mostly kidnapped, one's dead. Does anyone have any clue on where they might be?
Luigi: I have one. When Claudia was living with us, she told us about this place called Aracaia and its heyday back ten thousand years ago. Phineas didn't state he was from there, but he had magical abilities, like Claudia, so I can assume that's a good place to start.
SMG4: Alright, I'll go look it up, see if there's any information on where the hell this place is.
He went over to the computer and looked up "aracaia" on Google. The top results were:
Aracaia - Conspiracypedia, the free conspiracy encyclopedia Aracaia (pron: our-ah-kai-ah) is a defunct civilization located in present-day Saudi Arabia near...read more New civilization discovered in Saudi Arabia - NABC News 19 February 2009 - A mysterious city has appeared...read more Saudis confirm activity in mysterious city - CNN 13 October 2020 - A year of disaster continues to get worse, as...read more Saudi Arabia confirms mysterious city after ten ye... - Fox News 13 October 2020 - The Saudi Prime Minister has confirm...read more Mysterious city RISES FROM THE GROUND = END OF THE WORLD - Daily Express 20 February 2009 - Well, the end of the world is coming tr...read more --end of results-- 
He clicked on the first link.
SMG4: I know where they are!
Luigi and Astrid: Where?
SMG4: We need to go to Saudi Arabia. But we'll need to prepare first.

To be continued...
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2020.05.09 22:11 mr_tyler_durden Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update May 9, 2020

Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update May 9, 2020
Notes by mr_tyler_durden and Daily Update Team
Note: We may need to paraphrase, but the notes are accurate
Watch here:
Full Notes
Please use these hashtags on social media (Twitter, FB, etc.): #TeamKentucky #TogetherKY #Patriot #HealthyAtHome
If you have been laid off/lost your job use the following resources to get help!
KY Medicaid: https://healthbenefitexchange.ky.gov (855-459-6328)
Benefind: https://benefind.ky.gov (855-306-8959)
If you see price gouging report by calling 888-432-9257
To donate PPE call 833-GIVE-PPE (833-448-3773) or go to the website.
If you see a business or person not following the guidelines and putting others at risk call 833-KY-SAFER (833-597-2337) or report it on the website
As always our one true source of information should be the http://kycovid19.ky.gov/ website or the hotline: 800-722-5725
You can find more information on our Wiki!
We are also up and running on Discord!
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2020.04.14 02:10 SwoleBuddha Since most of you are spending more time than normal at home these days, I created this list of hobbies that can be done during quarantine with minimal startup equipment required.

It's not just for hippies anymore. Meditation is a rapidly growing practice recommended by everyone from Arnold Schwarzenegger to Lebron James. Spending time isolated from our loved ones can take its toll on our mental health. Daily meditation for as little as 20 minutes can drastically improve our ability to cope with the recent lifestyle changes we have been forced to undergo. This article on How to Meditate is enough to get you started. You can also browse meditation for more information or FAQ.
First meditation, now yoga? What kind of list is this going to be? I know, I know, but hear me out. Adding a simple yoga routine to your day can improve flexibility, prevent injury, improve athletic performance and increase energy. I find doing 10-15 minutes in the morning makes me more alert during the day and 10-15 minutes at night can relax me before bed. Youtube has videos that are sport, time of day and skill-level specific. I recommend starting with this simple 10 minute beginner flow. If you find it beneficial, yoga is an active and knowledgeable community.
Bodyweight Exercises
Getting exercise is crucial to our health and with gyms around the country closed, it's easy to fall out of any good habits we may have been in before the pandemic. Fortunately, you don't need a gym to get a good workout. All it takes is our bodies and maybe some everyday items most of us have in our homes. Why not give this workout by the GOAT bodybuilder, Arnold Schwarzenegger, a try? If that doesn't do it for you, bodyweightfitness has plenty more routines you can choose from.
If cardio gains are more your style, try running in your neighborhood. While stay at home orders recommend only leaving home for necessary supplies, most states specify that it is okay to go outdoors for exercise as long as social distancing guidelines are adhered to. Depending on your starting level of fitness, you can start with c25k (Couch to 5k) or Hal Higdon's Novice 1 Marathon Training Program. I used the latter to run the Los Angeles Marathon in 2018. Check out running for more.
Learn Personal Finance
This might not be a sexy hobby, but it's one your future self will be grateful you started now. Everyone knows they should learn personal finance, but all the talk about emergency funds, IRAs, 401Ks, APY, and other terms can be pretty intimidating at first. Fret not, personalfinance has a comprehensive wiki to get your started. If books are more your style, I recommend The Index Card and Broke Millennial. If you're not a reader (thanks for reading this far), you can get the same information for me through the Khan Academy's Personal Finance series.
Investing goes hand-in-hand with personal finance, but can also be a lot more of an active activity. It can include investing for the long-term, which you can read about in The Little Book of Common Sense Investing, or you can be a more active investor by trading stocks daily. With fees at an all time low, it has never been cheaper to get started in trading stocks. investing and stocks are good places to gather more information. You can use my referral code to open a Robinhood account and get a free stock in the process.
A personal favorite of mine, chess is a rabbit hole with no bottom and with an internet connection, you will never run out of opponents to challenge. Create an account on Lichess or Chess.com and challenge me (@SwoleBuddha) to a game. If you're just starting out, International Master John Bartholomew has a fantastic YouTube series on Chess Fundamentals that I guarantee will help you improve your game.
Learn a Foreign Language
Let's face it. It's hard not to be impressed by someone who speaks multiple languages. With all this free time indoors, there's never been a better time to join the ranks of the bilingual. Free apps like Duolingo make it easy to get a basic grasp on many languages, while inexpensive tutors can be found online through sites like Italki.
Maybe you have a sprawling backyard that could use some sprucing up or maybe your only free space is a windowsill in a sunny window. Regardless, gardening is a hobby that anyone can get into during quarantine. As a bonus, you might even get some delicious and healthy fruits, vegetables and spices to eat in a few months. gardening has all the information you need to get started in your region.
Every single adult should know at least the basics of cooking. Not only will it save you money, it will also make it easier to eat healthy and it can be a fun tradition to pass down to future generations. Gordon Ramsay's YouTube channel is loaded with instructional videos to help you get going and subreddits like cooking, eatcheapandhealthy, recipes, and bachelorchef are some of my favorites for recipes and inspiration.
Get in touch with your creative side by picking up drawing or painting as a hobby. All you need to get started is a piece of paper and a pencil, although there are plenty of other tools that are recommended if you want to pursue this hobby. Bob Ross's The Joy of Painting is available for free on YouTube.
Learn a Musical Instrument
Playing an instrument can be a challenge, but it's a challenge well worth undertaking. Whether it's learning your favorite rock songs on a guitar, a classical piece on the piano, a metal song on drums or anything in between, now is the perfect time to begin learning to play an instrument.
If you don't love reading, you're not reading the right books. If the Steinbeck and Faulkner you were forced to read in high school turned you off of the hobby, try finding books on topics that you are into. Sports? There are books on that. Traveling? That too. Sci-Fi Lesbian romance? There are even books on that. Think of what topics interest you and then ask on suggestmeabook for recommendations.
Coffee Tasting
If you're anything like me, the thought of that first cup of coffee is what eventually pulls you out of bed each morning. Make coffee more than just a way to get your daily caffeine fix! Learn the different types of beans, methods of brewing and subtle notes of flavor that gourmet coffee has. Trade Coffee even has a quiz to help match you with a coffee that will be sure to liven up your mornings.
Become an Alcohol Connoisseur
If coffee isn't your thing, maybe alcohol is. Your local grocery store will have a wide variety of craft beers, whiskeys, tequilas, vodkas, gins or any other liquor you might be interested in becoming more knowledgeable about. Browse whiskey, tequila or beer for recommendations of product available in your price range.
Home Brewing
You love beer, right? Wouldn't it taste even better if you made it yourself. Homebrewing has gained a ton of popularity over the last decade and homebrews can taste as good or better than the beer from your local brewery. All it takes is a couple hours of work and then the patience to let it ferment for a few weeks. The Northern Brewer sells kits for beginners for as low as $57.99.
Everyone has an area of expertise. With podcasting, it has never been easier to share your knowledge with others. All you need is a microphone, even the one on your phone will do.
A good puzzle can keep your mind occupied for hours. Whether you prefer crosswords, wordsearches, sudoku, jigsaw puzzles or something else, these weeks under quarantine are the perfect time to sit down and put your brain to work.
Become a Film Buff
Who was that actor who was in that war movie with Kevin Bacon? Who knows? YOU DO! Because you took advantage of the Covid-19 quarantine to watch classic movies. Even devoting a few hours a week to watching the classics that are available on streaming services will turn you into a movie quoting, 6 Degrees of Kevin Bacon machine! AMC's 100 Greatest Movies can get you started.
I'll never forger being in my early 20s, on a date in the park with my first real girlfriend. The fresh air, the sound of the birds, and the awkwardness of being a full-grown man who doesn't know how to light a Weber. Learn from my mistakes and watch this Beginner's Guide to Using a Charcoal Grill video. Then, eat like a king!
For as long as man has roamed the Earth, he has looked up at the stars. Instead of looking to them for answers, we can now look at them for the sake of their own beauty. This post from telescopes can help you purchase the right telescope for your budget. After that, astronomy can help you answer any further questions.
What's manlier than the smell of fresh leather? Start with the basics and work your way up to making backpacks, wallets or even boots! The wiki in leathercrafting can help you order all the supplies you need to get going.
Healthy Eating
So you took my suggestions above and starting barbecuing various meats and washing them down with your favorite beer or hard liquor, which you are now an expert on. It might be time to focus on your long-term health by adding healthier foods to your diet. A proper diet can leave you with more energy, a sharper mind, less physical ailments and a longer lifespan! Why wouldn't you pick up healthy eating as a hobby? I recommend reading How Not to Die by Dr. Michael Greger to get on the path to longevity through proper nutrition. Subreddits like eatcheapandhealthy and plantbasediet are also very helpful. Netflix documentaries like The Game Changers and Forks Over Knives are also fantastic.
I believe everybody needs at least 3 hobbies. One to challenge us physically, one to challenge us mentally, and one to challenge the creative part of our brain. As far as creative hobbies go, it's hard to top writing. Hell, I'm doing it right now! Write that novel you've had in the back of your mind, that non-fiction work the world has been waiting for, or simply start a blog on a topic you're interested in. Simply putting your thoughts into a journal is enough to tickle that creative muscle.
Cocktail Mixing
You finally have that long-awaited romantic evening alone with that special someone. As the night winds down, you offer to make a drink for the two of you. It's at this moment that you realize you only know how to make cocktails with 2 ingredients. Mood: Killed. Never let this happen to you by learning the basics of bartending and drink making. This video offers some helpful advice for stocking your first home bar.
Learn to Code
I can hear you now. "SwoleBuddha, all these hobbies are fine, but I want to spend my time learning something that could benefit my career." Learn to code! Computer coding is a highly sought after skill by many employers and it can even allow you to do your own freelance work. Get started for free on Code Academy.
Learn to be Handy
You know that leaky faucet you've been ignoring? How about that squeaky door you've been meaning to fix? Instead of paying a professional to fix these problems, learn how to fix them yourself. Knowing basic handyman skills will save you money and it might just make you more popular around the neighborhood (after the pandemic ends, of course).
Basic Car Maintenance
Owning a car can get expensive in a hurry, especially as it gets older. But if you learn to do basic maintenance and routine care, such as oil changes, you can save yourself a lot of money. Simply type in the make, model and year of your car into YouTube and the chances are there will be hundreds of videos explaining how to do almost anything you could want to do to your car.
Flipping Items
We all have things at home we don't need anymore. While you're stuck at home, take some time to sell some of those things on eBay. With so many people avoiding brick-and-mortar shops, now is a great time to sell things you don't want/need online.
Credit Card Churning
In 2016, I spent 3 weeks in Colombia and my only expenses were my meals and entertainment. My flights and hotels were entirely paid for with credit card points. It sounds too good to be true, but I and many other people are taking advantage of credit card points to travel the world. A few days of research is all it takes to get started and churning has all of the information you need.
I've always been fascinated with my ancestry. Something about knowing how many things had to work out perfectly in order for you to have been born is enough to boggle the mind. Use sites like Ancestry.com to bring the story of your ancestors to life. It can really stir the imagination.
Magic Tricks
A good magic trick, properly performed, can leave an audience in disbelief. I'm a firm believer that every man should know at least one good trick, whether it's with a deck of cards, a coin, or some other prop. Use the abundant resources on YouTube to find one that appeals to you. Then practice it until it's perfect. Your friends will be amazed at your first post-pandemic party.
Free Online Classes
With this much free time, everybody should be learning something new. Sites like Khan Academy and Coursera have an abundance of online lectures on myriad topics. Find one that interests you and get to learning!
This one is more of a lifestyle than a hobby. Nonetheless, the time spent in quarantine can be used to get rid of excess items that you no longer need, want or use. What's left are the items that you truly enjoy. Take it from a recent convert to minimalism, a cluttered house equals a cluttered mind, but a clean and organized house full of only important belongings can do wonders for mental clarity and happiness.
Digital Minimalism
In a similar vein, I recently made steps towards living a more minimalistic lifestlye in regards to my digital habits as well. It's a liberating feeling to not have to check your phone every 5 minutes, read the news every morning and night, check social media almost hourly and respond to texts continuously. When we cut out the time we spend on our phones, we leave time to pursue other, more important hobbies. I recommend reading the book Digital Minimalism by Cal Newport, but many articles on the subject have been published for free online.
Upgrade Your Wardrobe
Think of being quarantined as being in a cocoon. Don't you want to emerge afterwards as a beautiful butterfly? Pardon the lame metaphor. Fashion is ever-changing and if your everyday wardrobe contains white New Balances and dad-jeans, it might be time to head over to malefashionadvice and get up to speed on the latest trends.
Skincare? On a malelifestyle post? Yes, really. A proper skincare routine can be learned in an afternoon reading skincareaddiction. Even if your teenage acne years are behind you, you are never done caring for your skin. Proper cleaning, moisturizing and protecting our skin can be the difference between aging like George Clooney or Mickey Rourke.
submitted by SwoleBuddha to malelifestyle [link] [comments]

2020.04.09 21:00 portlane Edward Carlin (Sept. 19, 1948 - March 19, 2020)

Edward 'Ted' Theodore Carlin, Jr.
Sept. 19, 1948 - March 19, 2020
Edward "Ted" Theodore Carlin, Jr., passed away March 19, 2020. He was 71. Ted was a beloved husband, son, brother and uncle, lifelong educator, a devoted friend to many and an active volunteer in the Crooked River Ranch Community, which he loved. He was born Sept. 19, 1948, in Portland to Edward Theodore Carlin, Sr. and Barbara Carlin.
Ted was a 1966 graduate of Roosevelt High School. After graduation he served in the United States Coast Guard from 1968 to 1972. Ted returned to Oregon State University after his discharge, completing his Bachelor of Science in Education in 1977. He was a sports reporter for the OSU Barometer and a lifetime sports enthusiast.
Ted's first teaching job was at Jefferson Elementary School in Jefferson, Ore. During the summers he worked for the Forest Service at Rager Ranger Station in the Ochoco National Forest. Here he fell in love with Central Oregon, which would later become his home in retirement. In 1981 Ted was excited to be selected for a Fulbright Teacher Exchange and taught for a year in Leicestershire, England.
This experience fueled Ted's desire to travel (which he pursued throughout his life reaching almost all continents) and in 1984 he began his 22 year teaching career for the Department of Defense Education Activity (DODEA) in Heidelberg, Germany. There Ted met his future wife and fellow teacher, Phyllis. Ted was a much loved and admired educator throughout his DODEA career by students and teachers alike. He was a strong advocate for his fellow educators, serving as Vice President of the Federal Education Association for six years.
Ted and Phyllis moved to Crooked River Ranch in 2008. Two years later, to reconnect with his home state, he walked 456 miles from Newport to Ontario. The cause for his trek was to raise awareness of Oregon's vexing 55 mph speed limit on limited-access roads. Ted averaged 16 miles a day on the walk with Phyllis as his support team.
During Ted's retirement, he led a life of service. Joining the Crooked River Ranch Lions Club in 2009, Ted quickly became a passionate Lion. Soon after becoming president in 2011, the club became the largest club in the state of Oregon. But what brought him the most joy was serving as Central Oregon Vision Screening Coordinator for the Oregon Lions Sight & Hearing Foundation. He and a cadre of Lions from eight clubs screened over 100,000 students throughout his tenure including 15,394 this year. Ted's hope was that vision problems detected and corrected early could lead to better educational experiences for children.
Ted was one-of-a-kind, a spirited, fun-loving, adventurer. He was kind, generous and welcoming; a natural leader, planner and organizer. He shared his parents' passion for golf and enjoyed serving as president of the Central Oregon Senior Golf League. For many years, including when he was fighting prostate cancer, serving on the Jefferson County Relay for Life planning committee brought him joy.
Ted is survived by his wife, Phyllis of Crooked River Ranch; two sisters, Patty Fabrikant of Washington D.C.; Mary Yates (John) of Vancouver, Wash.; nine nieces and nephews; and seven great-nieces and nephews.
Interment will be at Willamette National Cemetery in Portland and a Celebration of Life will be held at Crooked River Ranch at later dates. Memorial contributions may be made to the Crooked River Ranch Lions Foundation, P.O. Box 1163, Terrebonne, OR, 97760, the Oregon Lions Sight & Hearing Foundation, 1010 N.W. 22nd Ave., #144, Portland, OR, 97210 or the charity of your choice.
Please sign the online guest book at www.oregonlive.com/obits
source: http://obits.oregonlive.com/obituaries/oregon/obituary.aspx?n=edward-theodore-carlin-ted-jr&pid=195922798
submitted by portlane to deadpeoplepdx [link] [comments]

2020.04.05 07:52 sonic10158 I made a list of content from the current wave of Boxsets and whether DGM sells them [Part 2]

I made a list of content from the current wave of Boxsets and whether DGM sells them [Part 2]
This is the second half of my list of content from the various King Crimson box sets, as all in one list was too much for one post. You can find Part one of the list here.


After the end of their 1984 tour, Robert Fripp decided that he had played enough King Crimson and so once again, King Crimson saw a hiatus. However by the mid 1990's, Fripp decided to purchase the Double Trio season pass for King Crimson, which featured the Pat Mastelotto and the Trey Gunn DLCs to go along with the King Crimson lineup of the 1980s. This box set covers this relatively short era. The Box Set was released on October 30, 2015. WARNING: This set is a bit more confusing in terms of what is on DGM Live and What isn't, so I apologize for any confusion.
CD Content-
  1. JurassiKc THRAK - Not on DGM Live
    1. This is a disc containing one track that is 67 minutes long of recording sessions during the making of THRAK. There is a small 4 minute piece available on DGM Live, but that is such a small piece that I do not even consider JurassiKc THRAK as being on DGM Live.
  2. Maximum VROOOM - *Sort of Available on DGM Live*
    1. This is a disc that does not match up with anything DGM has to offer exactly. This is an expanded version of the VROOOM EP, which is on DGM Live for Purchase. However, the rest of the tracks are taken from the VROOOM Sessions album, which is also on DGM Live for Purchase. That being said, VROOOM Sessions has a lot of tracks that do not appear on Maximum VROOOM, nor this box set in any capacity.
  3. THRAK - Original mix (2002 Remaster)
  4. ATTAKcATHRAK (The Vicar's THRAK) - Not on DGM Live
    1. This is a spiritual successor to THRaKaTTaK. It is an all new compilation of improvisations taken from the THRAK era and edited together into a suite of tracks
  5. THRAK - 2015 mix
  6. Byte-Size THRAK - Only a small piece is on DGM Live
    1. This is a compilation of tracks that didn't really fit anywhere else, featuring various live tracks, a single, some edited tracks, a remix, and 3 rehearsals (Jimmy Bond, Sad Woman Jam, and Tony's Jam) that do appear in DGM Live as part of Nashville Rehearsals. If you purchase Nashville Rehearsals, similar with the VROOOM Sessions, you will be getting a lot of tracks that do not appear anywhere in this box set.
  7. Kcensington THRAK - Available on DGM Live Here
    1. The version on DGM Live is short one track, goes by a completely different name, and the way the tracks are laid out are a bit different. The box set has the first portion be 9 tracks and the second be 12 tracks, whereas on DGM Live, the first "disc" is 13 tracks and the second is 7 tracks. The song order is the same, minus the lack of Heartbeat between THRAK and Matte Kudasai. *Fun Fact, this concert takes place on Bill Bruford's Birthday, and Adrian Belew makes a point to sing about it in this concert*
  8. Kcensington THRAK - Second half of Disc 7's content
  9. New YorKc THRAK - Available on DGM Live Here
  10. New YorKc THRAK - Second Half of Disc 9's Content
  11. AzteKc THRAK - Not on DGM Live
  12. This is the entire setlist from the Mexico portion of the VROOOM VROOOM live album (the New YorKc THRAK discs are the complete setlist of the New York portion of it too). You can purchase a CD of VROOOM VROOOM on DGM USA and DGM UK, but the entire setlist is only available in this box set. Just note, if you purchase VROOOM VROOOM, you will only get roughly half of the content of AzteKc THRAK.
  13. AzteKc THRAK - Second Half of Disc 11's content
Blu-Ray Disc 1 Content
  1. THRaKaTTaK - Not on DGM Live
    1. This does not even have a store listing on DGM UK and the DGM USA page is listed as Sold Out. It does not appear under DGM Live as a digital purchase either.
  2. B'Boom - Not on DGM Live
    1. This is not available for digital purchase on DGM Live, and it does not even have a store listing on DGM UK. However the CD of it is available for purchase on DGM USA

Heaven & Earth

Heaven & Earth
To date, this is both the newest released Box Set as well as the most current box set, picking up where THRAK left off after King Crimson begun the fraKctalisation period in 1997 through the late 2000s. Here we see the ProjeKcts era as well as the ConstruKction of Light and The Power to Believe albums from King Crimson. This Box set was released on May 1, 2019 and has easily the most content of any of the box sets thus far.
Note: The ProjeKct album The Scarcity of Miracles was made after the time period of this box set (1997-2008) and therefore is not included in this set. Also, the first Blu-Ray disc has a mixing error causing certain albums to run at too fast a speed (noticeable, but not Alvin and the Chipmunk noticable), if you email DGM with proof of your purchase, they will send you a code to download replacements of all the affected content. Proof can either be a copy of the email you received from DGM when you purchased the boxset, or even a photograph of the boxset with your name next to it. I received my replacement content less than a week after emailing. The downloading worked the same way as if you purchase a tour from DGM Live.
CD Content-
  1. The ReConstruKction of Light - Not on DGM Live
    1. This is a new mix of The ConstruKction of Light featuring newly recorded drum tracks by Pat Mastelotto. If I could compare it to anything, it is like A Momentary Lapse of Reason remix from the Later Years box set by Pink Floyd that completely removed the 80's twang from it, making it a more timeless experience. It is not on DGM Live, however, you can purchase the CD on DGM UK or on DGM USA
  2. Happy With What You Have To Be Happy With / Level Five - Not on DGM Live
    1. Neither EP is available on DGM Live. HWWYHtbHW is not on DGM UK, but is on DGM USA. Level Five EP is also not on DGM UK, but is on DGM USA
  3. The Power to Believe
  4. ProjeKct Two Baltimore May 2, 1998 - Available on DGM Live Here
  5. ProjeKct Four San Francisco November 2, 1998 - Available on DGM Live Here*
    1. This is 2 tracks short of what DGM Live has. The concert is also on Blu-Ray disc 1 and features the whole setlist.
  6. ProjeKct Three Austin March 23, 1999 - Available on DGM Live Here
  7. King Crimson Live ConstruKction - Not on DGM Live
    1. Originally part of the video Eyes Wide Open DVD on DGM USA and DGM UK
  8. King Crimson Live ConstruKction - Second third of Disc 8 content
  9. King Crimson Live ConstruKction - Third third of Disc 8 content
  10. King Crimson San Diego August 15, 2001 - Available on DGM Live Here
  11. King Crimson New Haven December 9, 2001 - Available on DGM Live Here
  12. King Crimson New Haven December 9, 2001 - second half of Disc 12 content
  13. King Crimson EleKtriK, Live in Japan, 2003 - Not on DGM Live
  14. CD Not on DGM UK, but is on DGM USA
  15. King Crimson New Haven November 16, 2003 - Available on DGM Live Here
  16. King Crimson New Haven November 16, 2003 - Second half of Disc 15 content
  17. King Crimson New York August 14-17, 2008 - Not on DGM Live
  18. King Crimson New York August 14-17, 2008 - Second half of disc 17 content
Blu-ray Disc 1 Content *This is the disc with speed issues* - The ProjeKcts Vol. I
  1. ProjeKct One: December 1, 1997 The Jazz Cafe, London - Available on DGM Live Here
  2. ProjeKct One: December 2, 1997 The Jazz Cafe, London - Available on DGM Live Here
  3. ProjeKct One: December 3, 1997 The Jazz Cafe, London - Available on DGM Live Here
  4. ProjeKct One: December 4, 1997 The Jazz Cafe, London - Available on DGM Live Here
  5. ProjeKct Three: March 21, 1999 Electric Lounge, Austin - Available on DGM Live Here
  6. ProjeKct Three: March 22, 1999 Cactus Cafe, Austin - Available on DGM Live Here
  7. ProjeKct Three: March 23, 1999 Cactus Cafe, Austin - Available on DGM Live Here
  8. ProjeKct Three: March 24, 1999 Poor David's, Dallas - Available on DGM Live Here
  9. ProjeKct Three: March 25, 1999 Antone's, Austin - Not on DGM Live
  10. ProjeKct Four: October 23, 1998 Fox Theatre, Boulder - Available on DGM Live Here
  11. ProjeKct Four: October 24, 1998 Fox Theatre, Boulder - Available on DGM Live Here
  12. ProjeKct Four: October 27, 1998 Richard's on Richards, Vancouver - Available on DGM Live Here
  13. ProjeKct Four: October 28, 1998 The Fenix, Seattle - Available on DGM Live Here
  14. ProjeKct Four: October 30, 1998 Crystal Ballroom, Portland - Available on DGM Live Here
  15. ProjeKct Four: November 1, 1998 7th Note, San Francisco - Available on DGM Live Here
  16. ProjeKct Four: November 2, 1998 7th Note, San Francisco - Available on DGM Live Here
  17. ProjeKct Six: October 5, 2006 Berklee Performance Centre, Boston - Available on DGM Live Here
  18. ProjeKct Six: October 6, 2006 Nokia Theatre, New York - Available on DGM Live Here
  19. ProjeKct Six: October 7, 2006 Keswick Theatre, Glenside - Available on DGM Live Here
  20. ProjeKct Six: October 8, 2006 State Theatre, Falls Church - Available on DGM Live Here
  21. ProjeKct Two: Space Groove - Not on DGM Live
  22. CD available on DGM USA and DGM UK
  23. ProjeKct One: Live at the Jazz Cafe - Not on DGM Live
  24. Disc One of The ProjeKcts Box. Neither this nor the ProjeKct Box is on UK or USA DGM.
  25. ProjeKct Two: Live Groove - Not on DGM Live
  26. Disc Two of The ProjeKcts Box. Same as Disc 22.
  27. ProjeKct Three: Masque - Available on DGM Live Here
  28. Disc Three of The ProjeKcts Box. Same as Disc 22 and 23.
  29. ProjeKct Four: West Coast Live - Available on DGM Live Here
  30. Disc Four of The ProjeKcts Box. Same as discs 22-24
  31. ProjeKct One: Jazz Cafe Suite - Not on DGM Live
  32. CD sold out on DGM USA. Store page does not exist on DGM UK
  33. ProjeKct X: Heaven & Earth - Not on DGM Live
  34. CD on DGM USA. Not on DGM UK.
  35. BPM&M: XtraKcts & ArtifaKcts - Not on DGM Live
  36. Not on DGM USA nor DGM UK
  37. Rieflin, Fripp, Gunn: The Repercussions of Angelic Behaviour - Not on DGM Live
  38. Not on DGM USA nor DGM UK
Blu-Ray Disc 2 Content - The ProjeKcts Vol. II
  • Every portion of this disc is from ProjeKct Two
  1. February 18 & 19, 1998 Rehearsals, Studio Belew - Available on DGM Live Here
  2. February 20, 1998 The Cannery, Nashville - Available on DGM Live Here
  3. March 18, 1998 Ventura Theatre, Ventura - Available on DGM Live Here
  4. March 20, 1998 Palookaville, Santa Cruz - Available on DGM Live Here
  5. March 21, 1998 Great American Music Hall, San Francisco - Available on DGM Live Here
  6. March 22, 1998 Great American Music Hall, San Francisco - Available on DGM Live Here
  7. March 24, 1998 House of Blues, Los Angeles - Available on DGM Live Here
  8. April 7, 1998 Diamond Hall, Nagoya - Available on DGM Live Here
  9. April 8, 1998 Heart Beat, Osaka - Available on DGM Live Here
  10. April 9, 1998 Blitz, Tokyo - Available on DGM Live Here
  11. April 10, 1998 Blitz, Tokyo - Available on DGM Live Here
  12. April 16, 1998 The Jazz Club, London - Available on DGM Live Here
  13. April 18, 1998 Ronnie Scott's, Birmingham - Available on DGM Live Here
  14. April 19, 1998 Ronnie Scott's , Birmingham - Available on DGM Live Here
  15. May 1, 1998 9.30 Club, Washington D.C. - Available on DGM Live Here
  16. May 3, 1998 Ballroom at the Bellevue, Philadelphia - Available on DGM Live Here
  17. May 4, 1998 Toad's Place, New Haven - Available on DGM Live Here
  18. May 6, 1998 Irving Plaza, New York - Available on DGM Live Here
  19. May 7, 1998 Irving Plaza, New York - Available on DGM Live Here
  20. May 8, 1998 Valentine's, Albany - Available on DGM Live Here
  21. May 9, 1998 Inter-Media Arts Centre, Huntington - Available on DGM Live Here
  22. May 30, 1998 Bogart's, Cincinatti - Available on DGM Live Here
  23. May 31, 1998 Newport Music Hall, Columbus - Available on DGM Live Here
  24. June 1, 1998 I.C. Light Music Tent, Pittsburgh - Available on DGM Live Here
  25. June 2, 1998 Odeon, Cleveland - Available on DGM Live Here
  26. June 4, 1998 Park West, Chicago - Available on DGM Live Here
  27. June 5, 1998 Park West, Chicago - Available on DGM Live Here
  28. June 7, 1998 Majestic Theatre, Detroit - Available on DGM Live Here
  29. June 28, 1998 Somerville Theatre, Somerville - Available on DGM Live Here
  30. June 30, 1998 Old Lantern, Charlotte - Available on DGM Live Here
  31. July 1, 1998 Pearl Streetm Northampton - Available on DGM Live Here
  32. July 3, 1998 The Stephen Talkhouse, Amagansett - Available on DGM Live Here
  33. July 6, 1998 The Guvernment, Toronto - Available on DGM Live Here
  34. July 8, 1998 Metropolis, Montreal - Available on DGM Live Here
Blu-Ray Disc 3 Content
  1. Live at the Shepherd's Bush Empire, London, July 3, 2000 - Available on DGM Live Here
  2. EleKtriK, Live at Kouseinenkin Kaikan, Tokyo April 16, 2003 - Not on DGM Live
    1. Same as CD Disc 13, but with 2 additional tracks (The ConstruKction of Light and The Deception of the Thrush). This version is exclusive to Heaven & Earth.
submitted by sonic10158 to KingCrimson [link] [comments]

2020.03.09 01:36 Constable_Bartholin VC 22349 (a) and VC 23111, would like to know if it's worth going through the 12-step guide or I should just pay it off

Hi, I was pulled over in November going 90 around 1/2 am and had rolled the ember out of my cigarette getting off the freeway right before Dana Point. I got charged for the speeding and the cigarette and they let me go afterwards. I've extended my court appearance twice now and have until April 6th to make a date. Should I just set a court date and bring the tr-320? Or should I try the 12 steps to try and get it dismissed? Unfortunately, I don't have the original ticket but I know the officer told me I was going 90 and wrote me the ticket. I'll be going to Harbor Justice Center in Newport Beach. Not super important, but I should also mention that I'm going on a 3 week trip to the UK in June and don't want to risk being away for a court date around that time either, so any tips on how I should handle this would be great. thanks
I should also mention that it was in a 65mph zone
I did read the 12 step guide to fighting the ticket
submitted by Constable_Bartholin to CaliforniaTicketHelp [link] [comments]

2020.03.03 04:18 Ralts_Bloodthorne First Contact - Part Twenty Two

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30,000 BC
Ogg looked up as Ugg staggered into the cave. Ugg was beaten up, bruised, bloody, and had the broken off end of a spear sticking out of his leg. Ogg managed to stand up before Ugg was in his face.
"You say Huk Huk all gone! Huk Huk waiting! You say Huk Huk no have spears! Now Ugg have spear in leg! You stupid!" Ugg snarled.
"Tuk Tuk and Mogg say Huk Huk gone. Not Ogg fault!" Ogg whined.
"Tuk Tuk and Mogg dead! You stupid say so get all killed!" Ugg threw the other neanderthal to the ground and began beating him with his club, doing what millions of others through history would wish they could do as he took out his rage at Terra's first and longest lasting oxymoron.
The com section was overloaded, ships had dropped from Armada and Task Force broadcast to Fleet or Division or Battalion or even dropped off the net completely. Most com officers had signaled "All Shifts" and even the emergency communication centers were running at full capacity.
"Yorktown, I have visual, do you read? Yorktown, can you respond? Yorktown, signal if you read and cannot transmit..."
"...engines three, five, and nine are down, main batteries are offline, secondary batteries are at 22% and failing..."
"...all hands, abandon ship, all hands..."
"...gravity containment failing..."
"...ching Piranha Class Fishyfish Reaper Drone Wave..."
"Geddonem geddonem!"
"...Incan Pride Division, shift to 229 and go to 60% broadsides..."
"...boarders have been repelled and DCC has the fires under control..."
"...recover all Viper fighter craft. Prepare to recover all..."
"...Yorktown, do you read? Yorktown, do you read? Please signal..."
It wasn't the worst battle the Terran Navy had ever faced. No, that was the Orion Shoulder, which devolved into an order of mutual slaughter that cost the lives of nearly 12 million Combine naval members and 320 million clones. A battle that occurred two years after the war had ended. That had been so bad everyone was so embarrassed about it that it brought an end to the Combine and the Clone Corporate Conglomerates.
But to Fleet Admiral Amythas Nawsh'tik, this was worse because it was not just happening to him, not just happening to his men, but it was happening right now.
And it didn't fucking have to.
"Order Division 21 to hold off Contact Echo. Tell them to not worry about conserving ammunition, once they run out I want them to jump to Rally Point Ticonderoga," he snapped.
"Harumph, I was speaking to you, Admiral," a stuff voice said from behind him.
"Tell Cruiser Bat Rogue to get in tighter to the Hammer of Pluto, her point defense is damaged and I don't know if she can hold off another wave of those plasma widgets," He snapped.
Comm One relayed his orders, using whisker com's, point to point FTL that was no more jammable than particle motion.
"Most High Commander, I am speaking to you," the voice tried again, this time using a local rank.
"XO, what's the status on the refugees?" He snapped.
His XO, a Treana'ad who had born in interstellar space, answered crisply: "Current wave is almost unloaded, next wave in enroute, one wave loading, one wave returning for loading."j
"Keep sending reinforcement requests. Any ships, any forces. Tell them we're trying to save people here, that the system has to be surrendered temporarily, but we've got to evac the civilians."
"Yes, sir. Even if I have to stand on the hull and wave flares in Standard Code," The Treana'ad snapped out, his posture perfect. "Comm two, push that signal through, open broadcast, unencrypted. Contact someone before the Admiral gives the order that I shall retrieve the flares from the survival locker."
"COMMANDER!" The creature behind him yelled.
Admiral Nawsh'tik spun his chair, turning back to face the screen. On it the System High Most was staring, his tendrils bloated and his crests on his neck, back, and sides expanded and raised. His clothing was obviously intended on being impressive, he wore three sashes, all covered in medals.
Amythas raised an eyebrow. "Yes, Governor?"
"You will address me as System High Most," The being said, ruffling his crests. Beyond him he could see the Ready Room of the CNV P'Thok, several other government officials gathered around him, ignoring the sole crewmember who looked ready to explode inside her armored vac-suit.
"What do you want, I'm extremely busy here," Amythas said.
The being harumphed at him, a noise that reminded Amythas of an elderly incontinent dog passing gass. "When will we break orbit? Your fleet cannot hold off those monsters for much longer."
Amythas sighed. "As I've told you, Governor,"
"System High Most," it grumphed.
"Right now my fleet is the only thing holding the high orbitals open and maintaining air superiority as well as missile defense for the continent. If my fleet breaks orbit, there will be nothing to stop the enemy from," He broke off as several of the beings began chattering. The System High Most cut the sound from his end.
He waited, hands folded over one another at the small of his back and his feet shoulder width apart. An uncomfortable position in an armored vac-suit but protocol gave him no choice.
Finally the sound came back on. "I was not aware of anything of importance still on the planet's surface," The System High Most said, harumphing again. "All government and corporate officials and they wealthy have already been evacuated."
"System High Most, as I have told you before, there are," he brought the number up on his retina display. "Eleven million civilians still lined up and waiting to board transports."
The four armed cow ruffled his crests and shook his tendrils, inflating and deflating his jowls rapidly. "And I told you, all personnel of value have been evacuated. This delay is unacceptable."
"We of the Confederate Navy are not accustomed to leaving behind living beings to the mercy of Precursor machines bent on mayhem and slaughter," Amythas snapped. "Your intelligence stated there was one Goliath Class in this system and we arrived to find two devouring it. You said you had reported it immediately on sighting it only to reveal once we got here that you had given it weeks to establish itself. Had your intelligence been correct more ships would have been allocated for this mission, without causing any delay."
"You had the best intelligence the Unified Military Fleet could offer, it is not our fault if you were not able to capitalize on it," The being huffed.
Military intelligence, talk about an oxymoron, most of the bridge crew thought to themselves.
Behind him the orders and reports still flowed.
...BOLO Dreamer reports all civilians away from Point Tango, requesting orders...
...Yorktown, do you read? Yorktown, we have you on visual, do you read?...
...Tell her and Rancor to get out of there. There's nothing more they can do there. Tell them I'm ordering them to make high orbit. Attach to the Medical Transport Kikikikik and generate point defense and stand off interceptor rounds. I want it to have all the support it can get...
...Port battery crews of the Newport are going to Bulwark status. They're going to try to give the lifepods time to go to hyperspace. Captain Tak'ak'ni transmits his regards...
"Harumph, well, I was made aware that the Confederate Navy was also not accustomed to losing," It said.
Amythas could tell that the System High Most thought he had scored an important point. He shook his head and smiled. "We may lose a battle, but we are never defeated."
"You risk our lives, for what?" The System High Most asked. "Beings that have a million others to take each of their places? I demand that you evacuate us at once with your entire fleet to provide protection."
"Well, System High Most, thankfully for those people down there, you are not in the position to make any demands," He said. "Tactical Three, give me a report on the ground and put this jackass in a holding buffer. He can whine to VI."
The System Hind Most vanished from the screen and the screen wavered for a second before a clear channel could be found. It just displayed the area around the largest starport, in the middle of the largest city, on the protocontinent below.
There was a small spoked ring with unit designations blinking on it around the starport, marking where Confederate Marines were holding out against the sheer red wave of assaulting machines.
"Goliath Amarok is dropping another wave on the far side of the planet," Com-12 reported. "Goliath Jotun has left the gas giant and is heading back toward us."
The number of refugees at the spaceport was steadily dwindling, but not fast enough. As Amythas watched two of the leading spokes vanished as the unit markers slid down the spoke, indicating that the unit had been forced to retreat. Bright spots kept blossoming around the outside "rim" of the wheel and around any protruding bubbles.
His fleet providing orbital fire support.
One of the units signaled they'd repelled the attack but desperately needed reinforcements.
They'd taken 30% casualties.
"Time to full evacuation?" Amythas asked. A VI tossed it up next to the spaceport.
Seventy-two Terran minutes.
"Time till the lines collapse with current hero range analytics?" He asked.
Twenty-two minutes.
"Time till the cloning banks are reloaded?" He asked.
Eighty-one minutes.
"Sir, we've got a response! One, no, two signals!" Com-11 reported. There was a pause and before Amythas could ask for further information Com-11's officer groaned. "Oh, by the Great Egg of Oz, it's two Idiot Fleets."
Great. Idiots.
"Put them onscreen. One at a time. Let's see if they'll be of any use," Amythas sighed. You could never tell with Idiots. It might be twelve million screaming 'Nids or a Federation shuttle with inflated ideas.
It was worse.
A lot worse.
Half cartoon, half cat-girl in heavy ornate pink "Imperium" power armor, the Neko Marine Praetorian waved her little fists in the air and began babbling in her native Engrish-Emoji. The translation appeared, but it was just as garbled as her words, since the language was constantly evolving and often the subject of furious firefights and even blood feuds over the exact meaning of things. The computer tried to translate but had obviously just given up.
"You want to help," Amythas asked.
A ten second long babble of Engrish-Emoji translated out to a simple: "Yes."
"It's not winnable. It's a holding action until we can get the civilians out," Amythas said.
More Engrish-Emoji, with hearts streaming out of her eyes and popping like fireworks. The translator guessed at "Roger."
...Yorktown, we read life signs. Do you read? We have you on visual and are in shuttle range. Do you read?...
...shift to 315 by 119, Division 31, keep on Target November...
...going to rapid fire on all tubes...
...C+ Battery Sigma is down, plasma wave phased motion cannons are down, shields failing...
...Fleet Amethyst engage at will at your discretion...
"We need reinforcements. I'll tie you in to our tactical net," He said. He knew better than to offer Idiots orders. If they followed them they usually screwed it badly for everyone involved.
Cartoon versions of the Neko Marine Praetorian appeared on either side of her, eyes replaced by beating hearts, waving pompoms and firing off blasters.
"Com-18, tie them into the net," Amythas snapped. "Tie in the other one."
Oh god, things just went from bad to worse.
On screen was a fist fight between two big green skinned monsters. Their armor, bolted directly to their muscles, was painted pink and white.
"Orkz," he muttered.
Finally one stood up, cracked his jaw back into place, pulled the knife from his neck, and faced the screen. It slapped a yellow wig on its head and put on a pair of oversized star shaped sunglasses.
Oh God, the Kawaii Boyz.
He started yelling in Orky-Emoji and the computer did its best to translate. After a full minute of inarticulate rage filled screaming the computer guessed with "Hello. I like your ship and hat. Would you like to buy a vowel?"
"You want to help too," Amythas said.
More yelling, another fistfight in the background. The big one talking knocked out one of the fighters with one swing, took its pink wig, and planted it on his own wig then began yelling again. When it stopped Amythas nodded.
"Very well. This is a holding action. There's no way we can win. We've got two Goliaths here and they've had nearly three weeks to dig in. Just give the refugees time to escape, that's all. We'll tie you into our tac-nets," the Admiral said.
More yelling, guns firing, and the screen went blank.
"Think it will help, sir?" His XO asked.
Amythas shook his head. "They're Idiots. Who knows."
"Sir, both fleets are splitting into two components. One set is accelerating on an orbital vector, the others look like they're splitting the Goliaths between them," Tac-11 called out.
"They can't win. Why do The Idiots do this?" His XO asked softly.
"They can't help themselves," Amythas shook his head. It wasn't these particular Idiots fault they were the way they were. They insisted on using teleport technology despite the fact it slowly caused a steadily progressive psychosis in living beings. Their 'canon' demanded it, so they used it no matter what the effects.
"You humans are a study in chaos," The XO chittered. "They go at full emergency speed to their doom. They dive into the back of an ice cream truck with spoons in every hand."
"If they can take the pressure off the Marines, give us time to evac the civilians, then I'm willing to sing their praises," Admiral Amythas said, looking at the numbers.
Nine million left to go.
"Idiot One and Idiot Two are charging through the Precursor lines," Tac-5 called out. "Idiot One is taking almost total casualties on their lead ships. Idiot Two looks like they're going for a close range pass on Amarok and... CORRECTION! CORRECTION! IDIOT ONE PERFORMING BOARDING RAM!"
Everyone on the bridge grimaced. Boarding actions were some of the bloodiest battles in a fleet battle, usually only reserved for dire circumstances.
"Idiot One has gone to ramming speed. Their radio chatter is completely garbled," Tac-3 called out.
An entire outer ring slid back to the center ring on the planetary overview.
Time to Line Collapse: 10 minutes
8.2 million civilians to go.
"Idiot Three is performing orbital bombardment," Tac-5 reported.
Amythas watched as the heavy beam weaponry aboard those pink and white painted ships, the paint scheme and the cartoon kitten emoji icons at odds with the baroque Gothic architecture of the ships, reached down and started pounding the abandoned areas.
...Yorktown, we have you on visual, please respond. Yorktown, please respond...
...all ships, tighten up, interlock missile defense, go to rapid fire on C+ batteries...
...For the Honor of the Regiment...
...Get out of here, boys, you can't help us...
...abandon ship, repeat, abandon ship...
...prepare to repel boarders...
"Idiot Four is joining in," Tac-5 added. More sigils of orbital bombardment, this time from the ships that were little more than mobile junk piles with heavy engines slapped onto them. Their pink and white color schemes so out of place compared to the jagged half-finished pseudo-wreckage of their ships.
"WARNING! MAT-TRANS TYPE TWO DETECTED!" The ships VI sounded out. The XO responded, reassuring the VI.
Time to Land Collapse: 8.5 minutes... STATUS CHANGE! RECOMPUTING
"Idiot Three is launching drop pods," Tac-5 reported. "First wave is two thousand pods."
"There they go," Amythas said. "Tac-5, give me numbers when they come in."
"One, two, five, eight, twelve, fifteen, thirty! Many many mat-trans signals," Tac-5 called out. "Idiot Four is dropping troops."
"How many?" The XO asked.
Admiral Amythas mouthed it as Tactical reported the exact same words. "Um, all of them?"
Down the surface the machines pushed the advance. The number of cybernetic opponents was slowly dwindling, each defeated cybernetic warrior scrapping itself with an implosion charge and taking itself out of the tactical and fire support network, easing up the fire being directed at the machines a minute amount. By itself, it wasn't that much, but repeated by the hundreds every minute it added up.
The machines could computer victory was at hand and threw more machines at the stubborn biological defenders, screeching out their war cry.
The return war-cry for the machines to perform biological sex acts upon themselves was weaker, but still thunderous.
Victory was at hand. The two Goliaths could compute nothing less than total victory and the complete slaughter of millions of resource wasting biological parasites. The culling of millions of cattle that had been allowed to run amuck without oversight for millions of years, breeding uncontained and allowed to slowly obtain technologies forbidden to cattle.
Both Goliaths noted the approaching ships, not ships from cattle but massive resource wasting ships of unknown configuration.
Both of them felt slight electronic versions of irritation. A feral intelligence had arisen, as they had a tendency to do. But unlike most feral sapient species that had not destroyed themselves.
The two ancient war machines listened in on the communications between the ships heading on a collision course toward them, attempting to penetrate the computer network.
The two massive supercomputers driving the two ships blinked at the same time in electronic surprise. Communications between the ships were wild howls of inarticulate gibberish being screamed at top volume. There was no rhyme or reason to the computer systems. Artificial intelligence screeched and gibbered along with feral sapient speech and thought patterns.
The two ancient war machines disconnected from those nets so fast the sound was almost audible.
Both fleets, two scarred and painted sides of the same warped coin, howled with glee and crashed into the massive Precursor machines.
Nuclear rounds went off, boiled away and slagged armor, penetrator rounds detonated, driving huge craters into the armor. The fake prows hit and crumpled, functioning as designed, to crush against the density collapsed knife-like lead edges of the ships, which drove deep into the ships as the engines went to emergency power and pushed the ships deeper.
The hodgepodge ones fired thrusters and began to shake wildly, forcing themselves deeper even as parts shook off their own bodies. The Gothic ones fired thrusters and twisted, forcing their hulls deeper into the ships. Warsteel groaned and warped as the ships pushed their prows deeper into the hulls of their enemy, engines flaring with more thrust than they were rated heedless of any consequences. Aboard the ships fists and weapons were raised as they bellowed out war cries.
Both fleets pushed their hulls deep enough to reach open spaces.
The two Precursor war machines reacted with shock as their internal motion detectors reported feral life forms pouring into their bodies. Intership communication arrays were overwhelmed with the battle cries of the two forces.
The two ancient AI's had never been boarded, have never thought it could occur. A search of their programming strings and databases was intense enough the guns faltered.
Battleship Division 11 took the breather to break action and let their plasma wave phased motion guns cool.
Together their computations could be described as: Total electronic panic as their inner spaces filled with the horrid cry of "KAWAII-DESU!" and feral intelligences poured into their bodies like an infection.
There. In the oldest databanks, dating back to their construction, some being had thought it might be remotely possible that a severely damaged one could be boarded.
The two Goliaths put the programs in action and turned their attention back to the system wide battle.
On the planet, the tide of battle had turned. Victory was still impossible, but the tide that the Confederate Marines had resisted for days had gathered itself to overwhelm them when the Idiots made landing.
A half million Orkz teleported to the surface, raised their weapons as one, and opened fire on the machine. Fifty thousand drop pods slammed into still superheated rock, splashing it at the point of contact, each to unfold and reveal a dozen troops clad in heavy power armor with overly thick plates, painted pink and white with a golden eagle on the chest. They were firing their weapons as soon as the sides dropped down, screaming their battle cries in high pitches voices.
The roar of the Precursors was met by one just as savage, just as feral.
Up in the high orbitals the Confed Fleet kept up the action, holding and ensuring the high orbitals clear, maintaining air superiority, and keeping the various fleets of Precursor war machines engaged and unable to help on the planet.
...Yorktown, do you read? We have you on visual. Yorktown, do you read?...
...move to heading 294 by 182, push that element back into the main body of Tango-11...
...All Dinochrome Bridge forces, lift off and attach to medical support ships. Repeat, all Dinochrome...
...DCC get that reactor under control...
The minutes ticked by slowly for the Admiral as he watched the number of civilians still down on the planet dwindle, watched the Marines get enough breathing room to dig in and reintegrate their tactical network, and, of course, watch the Idiot Forces go to work.
"I've never seen them fight before," the XO said softly. "They fight as if they are insane."
"They are," The Admiral nodded. "I have seen them fight before. Once, back when I was the Captain of an Adaptus Cruiser. Found them on an arid planet that had been wiped clean by a Precursor machine. They were fighting an outbreak of Precursor ground forces. We watched for a few hours then left."
The XO shuddered at the thought of being tied to an AI assisted SUDS crewed naval vessel.
"The green ones, they don't care if their lines collapse, do they?" The XO asked.
"Not really. That just means they can fight on all sides," The Admiral said.
1.2 million civilian remaining.
"The System Most High is still screaming that we need to evacuate him right now," The XO said. "He's arguing himself blue in the face with your personal message service VI. I don't think he's realized that it isn't you."
The Admiral snorted in amusement.
600,000 civilians remaining
The Admiral watched the numbers.
"Sound recall. I want as many as we can get off the planet," The Admiral said. The XO relayed the orders as the Admiral continued to watch the tactical display of the planet's surface.
"Sir, Idiot Three and Idiot Four are ignoring recall orders," Tac-5 reported.
"I know, Lieutenant. They always do. They've forgotten why they fight," The Admiral said, still staring at the screen. "Get the Marines out."
The last flight darted toward the planet. Not the fragile shuttles of the evac ships, but the heavily armored dropships of the Confederate Navy. Thrusters flared and the dropships slammed to the ground, opening their hatches. The Marines hustled on board, firing as they went, the dropships guns adding the mayhem.
The bodies of the Orkz and Neko Marines were piling high on the spaceport tarmac now that the civilians were gone. Dakka and bolter fire scorched the incoming waves of Precursor war machines, breaking up each wave but not stilling the tide.
Warboss Moargutz, Orkiest of War Bosses, Shooter of All Da Dakka, Wearer of Twelve Wigs, felt his magazines reload as the mat-trans autoloader did its work. He held down the triggers, the massive framework of heavy guns strapped to his body roaring as all da dakka roared out. The Marine Boyz were away, their shuttles arcing up and away.
He remembered, dimly, being a Combine Marine. Faintly. Far away. The sand and dust of Anthill. The wave after wave of biovat insects that just kept coming and coming. The feel of jet black power armor wrapped around him.
The weakness of being human.
He spit out the memory as more disruptor bolts slammed into him, bruising his green flesh. Not that he cared, he just triggered Moardakka at them and roared.
The last Neko Marine climbed up the pile of bodies Moargutz stood upon, the Neko Banner in one hand. Disruptor bolts her hit armor but she kept climbing, panting, squeaking out her war cry.
"doki doki doki doki" she weakly called out, climbing to the top of the pile of bodies. She thrust her banner into the ruptured casing of a Precursor war machine and slumped.
Beneath the ragged banner of the hated Neko Marines Moargutz roared, squeezing the triggers tighter, upping the cyclic rate of his Dakka, sweeping it in a circle, blasting Precursor war machines back. Da Ship Boyz reporting the Confed Boyz were breaking orbit, getting out da Cizzies.
A mass driver round punched through Moargutz's torso, sending blackish blood fountaining out his back before the wound closed up around jellied internal organs. Moargutz could feel nanospores pouring off of him, seeding the next generation of Boyz to fight on the planet.
For the glory of Dakka.
There was only one thing left to do. Moargutz coughed up black blood, trying to remember. It was before he wore the wig. Before he was just one of the green boys. Before he wore was humie and had fallen and thus wore thick armor scorched with hellfire and covered in twisted profane and blasphemous runes.
He roared and struggled to his feet, triggering his weapons again.
The Neko Marine struggled to her feet, drawing her pink and chrome chainsword with one hand and her stuttergun with the other. Part of her face was torn away, she was missing one cat ear, but still she was determined to fight on, unwilling to let a hated Orkboi outfight her.
"DOKI DOKI DOKI!" she shrieked, laying about her with her chainsword as she fired her bolter point black into the Precursor machines that screeched as they tried to overwhelm the last two.
Plasma fire washed over both of them and Moargutz remembered. It was back when he fought next to the Sisters, sisters like the Dokigurlz at his back. Their blazing torches they used to burn away heresy burning away whole planets in... in... in...
The Dokigurl behind him repeated it, her voice firm and solid as she remembered through the haze of mat-trans psychosis. Remembered wielding holy fire to purge heresy and blasphemy from the universe. She finished with a shrieked code: "We will burn with a light of our own, sisters! They will know us as JOAN!"
The moment of lucidity was shattered as the machines surged forward again and there was no time for thought as both of the orphans of Lost TerraSol fought, not for their lives, but to keep the Precursor machines focused on them.
Above them the massive ships began firing their orbital guns. Interlocked tactical nets consulted one another and began firing in a preplanned pattern that would eventually crack the continental plates and leave a surface that was useless even to the Precursors.
From the bridge of the fleeing Task Force flag ship the Admiral turned away from the screen as white fire blotted away the last of the Idiot ground troops.
He saw his XO looking at him and shook his head.
"They were the best of us, once, you know," he said.
The Task Force jumped to hyperspace.
Neither of the Goliaths could give chase, they were two busy trying to purge the ravening screaming smashing infection that streamed through their metal veins. They were winning, their mechanical immune systems, never before used, slowly adapting and destroying the infection of feral intelligences, but it was still too close for either Goliath to risk it.
The fleet escaped.
...Yorktown, do you read? We have you on visual. Yorktown, do you read?...

Author's Note: Wow! Thank you to whomever anonymously award me gold! Glad everyone is enjoying this.
submitted by Ralts_Bloodthorne to HFY [link] [comments]

2020.03.02 18:26 kt_m_smith Race Report! Big PR

Race Information
Goal Description Completed?
A 7:30 pace Yes
B Any old PR Yes
C Better than Chicago Yes
D Don't pass out Yes
I usually do high mileage so I don’t know that I did anything differently for this race. I’ve had mileage above 50 for nearly every week of the last year, usually around 70 mpw. There is tempo every couple of weeks sprinkled in there when I’m late for something but generally I’m doing lots of miles in the 8s.
Little bit of background, Originally we signed up for this race because my husband wants to go for a Berlin Q at Boston and wanted to do this race as a test to see where he was – but just a couple weeks before his hip started acting up, but since the hotel was already paid for we said “meh whatever” and planned to have me run the race anyway, especially since we had another good friend running it.
Knowing this would be a cold race was really great because I suffer at the marathon distance when it gets above 45degrees. So this race not getting above 34 ambient temp was great, albeit I would’ve enjoyed more shade.
My PR going into this race was from my first marathon (Rock N Roll DC) in 2017 at 3:21. I’ve done a few marathons and much longer distances since then, but I recently PRd my half so it felt like I had a good shot to PR the marathon if I could finish somewhere other than the ambulance. I talked to a few friends (Shoutout to /Mr800ftw) and settled on started at 7:30 average (which would put me on pace for 3:15 ish) and take it from there.
A very warm hotel room and next door hotel room domestic dispute meant 3.5 hours of not great sleep. Lovely.
I’m up early, anxiety. Add the calibration factor on my Stryd, trying to figure out what in god’s name I’m supposed to do with all this nutrition I brought (spoiler : I don’t do much with it). In the rush of trying to remember all the things I forget to set my race screen to marathon (derp). I have my normal morning quest bar and my caffeine , morning is moving and we head to race start.
A few sporadic thoughts before race start: “I’m cold, this is dumb” “I love wearing race shoes, such bounce” “omg yay there are actual bathrooms here” “Some of these women look really fast, uh oh” “should I run in this trash bag or toss it from the corral?” “This girl is one of best national anthem singers I’ve had at a race, they usually suck” “Can we start already? I am cold” “Can’t believe how fast AK and Tacos ran yesterday jfc I would die”
Gun goes, we get moving, I’m finding that I’m definitely out in front of the 3:15 pace group, find first mile marker and manually split the lap, bit fast but I’ll settle in and find the next marker it will be better. CAN’T find the next marker! Got too excited seeing my husband on the course between 1-2, he asks if I want to hand off my jacket? Still cold, give it to him at the next pass. I’m now at mile 3ish and haven’t seen a mile marker so I’m a little concerned about what pace I’m actually going at, I feel the 3:15 group breathing down my neck, but if my GPS pace is even a little correct they are way ahead of pace too. They come up as I finally see a marker for mile 4 and I make a comment and they tell me they are all along the course but Perma-signs (think speed limit sign), I had noticed the first one was like this but I thought it was just an inaugural sign and wasn’t expected every mile-marker to be permanent. Ok. Sweet. Manual Split : Oh, I’m going too fast, Averaging 7:21 pace. Even more curious that the 3:15 is this far ahead.
I’m realizing they are going by GPS so they are not really sure exactly their pace, but also that the pacer’s job is to get them in right on time or just under, so I shouldn’t be surprised they are a little ahead.
Nutrition break!
Nutrition: Normally I don’t really do much in the nutrition space for runs. I’m generally not thirsty and have such a hard time choking anything down while moving that I just don’t bother. Additionally I have no interest in gross GU or Gels so I’ve never used those either. Some folks had raved about SIS nutrition stuff so I decided to take a couple of those with me. At mile 8 I open one and . “ugh” I’m sure it’s not as bad as a gel but I have no desire to consume any more of this… over the next mile I manage to get halfway through it.
Generally I’m running with gum, I didn’t have any caffeine gum so I supplemented with a couple caffeinated sport beans, I brought 5 beans and only had 2 so who knows if that helped. I took a salt pill for the first time before I started the race, it said to take one every half an hour during exercise but the thought of trying to swallow a pill while running made that a big fat nope. I estimate I was able to choke down about 150 ml of fluid over the whole course (including the SIS stuff).
Back to the Race
We get to the halfway mark, I’m hoping my husband made it to the cheering section coming up, I see him, I’m very excited, he’s taking a photo. Excited to see him at the finish. We go through the half still strong at a 7:22 pace, so I’m just trying to hang on. The last half of this race spend a lot of time on wide open roads with very little cover. So the worst part was just the sun exposure. While it wasn’t more than low 30’s ambient temperature, I still feel myself melting in the sun. I’m pumped that I bothered to wear my sunglasses but also wishing this race had wet sponges so I could wipe some of these stinging salt off my face. I’m with the 7:15 group until about mile 18 where they start to pull away. But I’m still manually splitting and I know I’m on pace so I don’t worry about it too much. At least this way I can just focus on my music and not trying to carry on a conversation like the whole first half.
As I get later in the course I can feel that I’m slipping a little, but none of my manual laps have been over 8 and I know that If I can just stay around 7:30 average I’ll be hitting a Huge PR so I’m not worried about a second here or there. As I get to the last water stop- I’ve banked such an advantage that I take the extra two seconds to stop and actually drink a mouthful before moving on. It’s getting hotter and my gloves come off and get stuffed in my pants. Buff comes off and my rocket braids are on display. I know I’m either in 4th or 5th so I’m feeling like “ well if I don’t stop and walk everything is gonna be ok”
I chug along, Hakuna Matata, Lady Gaga, some trance dance tunes, Despacito, Billy Idol all power me through the next few miles. This road we are on is SO LONG and SO WIDE OPEN. I can see for miles down this road, surely we will turn off of it soon or the finish is right at the end. I keep looking and cannot see the line. Apparently the line is right around the corner, so by the time you see it it’s too late to do anything about it. My biggest (and still small) gripe was that I wish I’d been able to actually see the finish line for a half a mile so I have a cue to push. Brain is so fried that sometimes a visual cue is just better.
Husband is right after the line, Garmin clocks me at 3:16 ish but I don’t yet know my official time. I’m pumped! Say thanks to the first half pacer who congratulated me at the line and husband tells me I came 4th and 3:16 on the money! WOO how cool! There are Panera Cinnamon crunch bagels, I steal them for tomorrow’s breakfast. Now Mexican food.
Made with a new race report generator created by herumph.
submitted by kt_m_smith to artc [link] [comments]

2020.01.21 21:51 cocoaAMP Sydney Long Weekend January (25th – 27th)

Free Crap

  1. Golden Market January 24th
  2. New Year Day Celebrations January 25th
  3. Fanny Lam and Student Art Exhibition January 25th -27th
  4. Jumbo Mahjong January 27th
  1. Lunar Street Party January 25th
  2. Lunar New Year Twilight Party at Chinese Garden January 25th
  3. Lunar Block Party January 25th
  4. Lion Dance Ceremony January 25th
  5. Mahjong at Chinese Garden January 25th
  6. Lunar Lamp Post
  7. Moon Gates
  1. Chinatown Lanterns
  2. Lunar Spectacular Show
  3. Lion Dancing

Outdoor Crap

  1. Sunday Street Meet January 26th (Unsure Event not on the official website)

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  1. Centennial Park
  2. Western Sydney

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Crap you guys Suggested

u/nearly_enough_wine and u/SydneyTom you Fine-Looking Bastards Sidebar Please!!!

For events related to Australia Day please go head over to the Australia Day Event Page or any Gig related that I may have miss click on this Page

We’ve entered the last week/month of Sydney Festival for 2020 please click the link for any awesome events that I’ve missed and that you loved.

If any of you wonderful Gremlin have anything that would like me to add or suggestions onto this or future Crap please Comment or Direct Message me. I do occasionally incorporate your recommendation.

The events listed above are implemented by the event promoters and/or organizers which I’ve no authority over with, all prices and dates may subject to change without any of my acknowledgment and or any notice. Please double-check with the coordinators for the time, date and cost of the event.
This is Crap list is simply accumulated from various websites I’m not the event planner nor the organizer, I’m purely doing this to Crap for my own amusement. I am not here to promote or spam anything on Sydney just putting information for people want to have fun this weekend, future Crap may subject to change and/or seize to exist without any notice. Please also get a hang of this subs wiki page for more and any events that I may have missed. Anyway, have a beautiful day you bastards!!!
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2019.12.16 00:27 AJaxStudy My 2019 in Books. (Ranked)

First things first, I apologise for the wall of text!
I set my goal to finish 60 books this year, that increased to 100, and now it's sat at 120. I started with a focus on physical books, but as time has gone on, I've picked up more books on kindle, and my primary method now is audible. I have a fair distance to commute, and you'd be surprised at how many books you'll chew through at 1.35x speed!
I'll ranked these in the value that I've felt that they've provided me, be it in education or entertainment. I know that some of my choices will prove to be VERY unpopular!
Also, I just wanna plug my soundcloud GoodReads - Please feel free to add me!
Finally, the below is just my opinion. If I crap on your favourite book, I'm truly sorry. Please let me know what I'm missing!
117 Warrior of the Light (Paulo Coelho) I felt that this book was a scam. I loved The Alchemist. This book is just dwaddle and made me very, very angry. Despite it being incredibly short, it was an endless slog.
116 The diary of an average runner: Never, ever, give up (Mark Cameron) This is a self published Kindle Unlimited book. Dude couldn't even punctuate his name correctly on the front cover!
115 No One Is Too Small to Make a Difference (Greta Thunberg) I don't get it. The UK's biggest bookstore awarded Greta their author of the year award. I love how fighty Greta is, and that she's standing up for her beliefs. But this was most certainly not for me.
114 Brave New World (Aldous Huxley) I was so incredibly bored. This book did not stand the test of time.
113 The Road to Wigan Pier (George Orwell) No comment. :)
112 Neuromancer (William Gibson) I just couldn't get up to speed. All the terminology, and the authors style just left me in the dust.
111 Spark Joy: An Illustrated Master Class on the Art of Organizing and Tidying Up (Marie Kondō) Just watch the TV Show. Much better.
110 The 50th Law (Robert Greene) A weird mix of self help and bragging about Fifty Cent's life. Just didn't work.
109 Identity Crisis (Ben Elton) A murder mystery with very little murder, very little mystery and a whole tonne of fluff.
108 The Right Side of History: How Reason and Moral Purpose Made the West Great (Ben Shapiro) I occassionally like some of Ben's stuff. But this book wasn't it.
107 Ghost in the Wires: My Adventures as the World's Most Wanted Hacker (Kevin D. Mitnick) This book can be summed up by "Don't do that Kevin! Oh Kevin, why did you do that!? Wait, Kevin... Didn't you learn? Don't do that...." ad nauseaum.
106 Rhett & Link's Book of Mythicality: A Field Guide to Curiosity, Creativity, and Tomfoolery (Rhett McLaughlin & Link Neal) I wanted a bit more biography. This was just weird glittery fluff.
105 Ten Arguments for Deleting Your Social Media Accounts Right Now (Jaron Lanier) No comment. :)
104 Never Grow Up (Jackie Chan) I love, love, LOVE Jackie Chan. Drunken Master, Police Story, Meals on Wheels... So good. I was hoping that this would be as good as his first autobiography , but instead this book made him out to be a bit of an asshole. Very disappointing!
103 Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch (Terry Pratchett & Neil Gaiman) I love Neil Gaiman, and this book is held in huge regard. But it lost me at the Orphanage and I never found my way back. It just missed on all fronts for me.
102 The Savage Boy (Nick Cole) I love post-apocalyptic books, and I'd liked Nick Cole's previous works. This book felt like he was still finding his feet as an author.
101 Blood, Sweat and Shame: Confessions of an Ultra Marathon Fat Guy (Justin Slater) I'm super interested in ultra runners. The next three books kinda blended into one, with not much to differentiate each other.
100 Still Not Bionic: Adventures In Unremarkable Ultrarunning (Ira Rainey)
099 Running Man: A Memoir (Charlie Engle)
098 Money: Know More, Make More, Give More (Rob Moore) Rob Moore likes the smell of his farts too much. What good information could be found is lost in repetition and humble-brag.
097 The Art of Invisibility: The World's Most Famous Hacker Teaches You How to Be Safe in the Age of Big Brother and Big Data (Kevin D. Mitnick & Robert Vamosi) Unsure of who this book is for. Some good security advice that tends to go a little bit too indepth for the laymen, but not enough for the technology inclined.
096 Ravage (Iain Rob Wright) A guilty pleasure. I like a nice Kindle-Unlimited trashy zombie book to cleanse the palette after a big meaty tome.
095 Break Point: SAS: Who Dares Wins Host's Incredible True Story (Ollie Ollerton) An interesting military biography, that never really excels in any one area.
094 Neverwhere (Neil Gaiman) This may be my most disappointing book of the year. I love Neil Gaiman, this book has been recommended so many times to me, and it just never hit the right spot. I just couldn't get on with it.
093 The Last (Hanna Jameson) Another post-apocalyptic story, but this time the end of the world is just the background. Interesting setting, but the characters and story just fell flat.
092 Spartan Up!: A Take-No-Prisoners Guide to Overcoming Obstacles and Achieving Peak Performance in Life (Joe De Sena) A similar story to the ultra running books. Both Spartan books kinda bleed into one another.
091 The Spartan Way: Eat Better. Train Better. Think Better. Be Better. (Joe De Sena)
090 On the Road (Jack Kerouac) I started off really enjoying this book, and then I got bored of Dean Moriarty's shit. Both characters turned into pretty unlikeable folk.
089 Throne of Glass (Sarah J. Maas) I'm gunna get destroyed for this... Sarah does a great job with scene setting, and the basis for her characters, and then uttterly ruins it with lazy YA tropes. Celaena is the Mary Sue to end all Mary Sues, until the love interest suddenly becomes the love interest.
088 Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams (Matthew Walker) I will try and re-read this at some point. I just couldn't get into it. TL;DR - If you don't sleep 8 hours a day, you're gunna DIE.
087 A Life in Parts (Bryan Cranston) Another huge disappointment. This book seemed rush, like Bryan had a spare week inbetween projects and basically gave us the cliff notes of his life. We need MORE.
086 Unlocked - An Oral History of Haden's Syndrome (John Scalzi) More on John Scalzi later. This is a scene setting novella.
085 The Antidote: Happiness for People Who Can't Stand Positive Thinking (Oliver Burkeman) I like self help books. :)
084 The Strange Death of Europe: Immigration, Identity, Islam (Douglas Murray) Honestly? I still don't know how I truly feel about this book.
083 A Book of Five Rings: The Classic Guide to Strategy (Miyamoto Musashi) I finished a much better Musashi themed book this year...
082 Think and Grow Rich (Napoleon Hill) I don't really have a strong opinion on this. There are much better self-help / improvement books since this helped lay the foundations
081 One Word Kill (Mark Lawrence)
Kindle Unlimited man, there's some OK stuff on there :)
080 Every Tool's a Hammer - Life Is What You Make It (Adam Savage) I love Adam Savage, and I love how much he loves making!
079 Exam Ref 70-742 Identity with Windows Server 2016 (Andrew Warren) Hey, I passed my exam! This book (kinda) helped! HOORAY!
078 The Prison Doctor (Dr Amanda Brown) Medical Professionals are amazing. To be a doctor in a prison is something else. Book was a little too brief / short for my liking!
077 The Gulag Archipelago 1918–1956 (Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn) I should have stuck to the abridged version. This was a brutal, brutal listen. If I didn't have it on audible, I wouldn't have finished.
076 Convenience Store Woman (Sayaka Murata) This is a very weird book about a woman in Japan who (you guessed it) is a convenience store clerk.
075 Running with the Kenyans: Passion, Adventure, and the Secrets of the Fastest People on Earth (Adharanand Finn) Adharanand writes great books on running. More on Mr Finn later.
074 The World's Fittest Book: How to train for anything and everything, anywhere and everywhere (Ross Edgley) Ross is something else, and his stories are crazy. Worth a read if you're into fitness.
073 If Cats Disappeared from the World (Genki Kawamura) A quirky Japanese book. This was a common theme this year.
072 Savage (Iain Rob Wright) Guilty pleasure. Don't judge me!
071 Dark Ride (Iain Rob Wright) I said no judge please. :(
070 Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind (Yuval Noah Harari) Sapiens just didn't click for me. I struggled to finish reading it.
069 The Road is a River (Nick Cole) The third and final book in the Wasteland Saga. Nice bit of Post Apocalyptic storytelling. The start was good, the middle was boring. Saved entirely by the ending.
068 Lair (James Herbert) I loved James Herbert's "Rats". The sequel wasn't nearly as strong. James also starts getting a little bit pervy from here on out.
067 "Surely You're Joking, Mr Feynman!" (Richard P. Feynman) Equal parts fascinating, and a bit too clever for me. I got lost in a lot of his explanations. Comes highly recommended in these parts. Worth a read.
066 The Aquariums of Pyongyang: Ten Years in the North Korean Gulag (Kang Chol-Hwan) I got onto a DPRK kick last year, and it's carried on through to this year. More on this theme later.
065 Over the Top (Jonathan Van Ness) My wife loves Queer Eye, and I know very little about it. I liked how pleasant the guys were to each other, and that Jonathan kinda annoyed me for some unknown reason. I saw his book in the library and demolished it over a day or two. I'm really glad I did. If you like Queer Eye, this book is well worth picking up.
064 The Little Mermaid (Hans Christian Andersen) Disney announced a live action adaptation, and I realised that I'd never read the book. It's a very solid and quick read!
063 Crack House (Harry Keeble) Real life story of a policeman in the UK cleaning up the crack problem. Entertaining and enlightening.
062 Domain (James Herbert) The final "Rats" book. Nuclear rats. Cooool.
061 Strangeways: A Prison Officer's Story (Neil Samworth) Another 'crime' biography. Got a friend who is a Prison Officer, so I wanted to read up on it a bit more.
060 Stig of the Dump (Clive King) Read this as a kid, and wanted to revisit it. Got a kick from it, as it's based near where I grew up.
059 Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World (Jack Weatherford) A great biography, kinda let down by the fact that Dan Carlin's 'Wrath of the Khans' series of podcasts is just so epic.
058 The End is Always Near (Dan Carlin) Talking of Dan Carlin. I had to support his book, but I felt that his podcasts were just so damn good, that the book could never really surpass them. Unfortunately I was kinda right. Hardcore History is just too good.
057 Haunted (Chuck Palahniuk) I'm not sure if you would call this a Murder Mystery? Needless to say, I wanted to read more from Chuck after 'Fight Club' and this was a solid read.
056 Gotta Get Theroux This: My Life and Strange Times on Television (Louis Theroux) A very interesting auto-biography, that covers a lot of things, but I felt that it mainly focuses on the time Louis spent with Jimmy Savile.
055 Smoke Gets in Your Eyes: And Other Lessons from the Crematory (Caitlin Doughty) Now I know what it's like working in a crematory in the US. Caitlin educates and entertains in equal measure. Recommended for morbidly curious peeps.
054 North Korea Confidential: Private Markets, Fashion Trends, Prison Camps, Dissenters and Defectors (Daniel Tudor) Another DPRK kick.
053 Disrupted: Ludicrous Misadventures in the Tech Start-up Bubble (Dan Lyons) Entertaining stories from a older-gent working in a super young tech start-up.
052 Circe (Madeline Miller)
I'm in awe in how Madeline was able to make old stories feel new. This book wasn't perfect, but it certainly made me sit up and take note of Madeline as an author.
051 The Guest Cat (Takashi Hiraide)
I really liked this Japanese book about a cat, and the family it adopts.
050 Fragile Things: Short Fictions and Wonders (Neil Gaiman)
When Neil is good, he's great. When he's OK, he's OK. This book is half and half. Do not read before you read American Dreams though.
049 Lock In (John Scalzi) The first book in this series. This was let down by poor narration by Wil Wheaton. A flu wipes out a significant amount of people in the world, and some of the survivors become comatose and experience 'Lock In'. There's a tech breakthrough that allows the "locked in" person to control a proxy body (human or robot). This is a crime thriller in that universe.
048 Head On (John Scalzi)
The second book in this series. Much, much better narration by Wil, and builds upon the first book. I'm super interested to see where this series goes.
047 The Madness of Crowds: Gender, Race and Identity (Douglas Murray) A pretty political book. I won't go into any depth. But better than his previous book.
046 Deep Work: Rules for Focused Success in a Distracted World (Cal Newport) Another self help book, I need to revisit this.
045 Finding Ultra, Revised and Updated Edition: Rejecting Middle Age, Becoming One of the World's Fittest Men, and Discovering Myself (Rich Roll) More ultra-running books!
044 Eat and Run: My Unlikely Journey to Ultramarathon Greatness (Scott Jurek) MOAR ULTRA! :D
043 Homo Deus: A History of Tomorrow (Yuval Noah Harari) This landed a lot better than Sapiens, helped by the fact that I listened to it on audible.
042 Permanent Record (Edward Snowden) No matter what you think of Snowden, I think this book does a great job of explaining WHY he did what he did.
041 Bird Box (Josh Malerman) The Netflix movie interested me, the book is better than it has any right to be. :)
040 Scythe (Neal Shusterman)
This is YA done right. Death has been solved, but an omnipotent AI decides who needs to be "gleaned" by professional "Scythes" for population control (I think, its been a while since I read it). Regardless, a unique setting, great writing. Unfortunately marred slightly by an "AND EVERYBODY CLAPPED" moment at the end. I want to read more in this series.
039 Factfulness: Ten Reasons We're Wrong About the World – and Why Things Are Better Than You Think (Hans Rosling) We're completely screwed, and not everything is completely depressing (even if the author did pass shortly after completing this book)
038 Bioshock: Rapture (John Shirley) Great background story for the original Bioshock game. Pointless if you're not into Bioshock though.
037 The Rise of the Ultra Runners: A Journey to the Edge of Human Endurance (Adharanand Finn) I said Adharanand was a great writer. A great starting place for reading up on Ultra runners.
036 Twelve Years a Slave (Solomon Northup) Oh man. This book....
035 Chernobyl: The History of a Nuclear Catastrophe (Serhii Plokhy) After the HBO mini-series, I wanted to learn more. This is a little long in the tooth in places, but it covers how utterly messed up the whole situation was.
034 Fahrenheit 451 (Ray Bradbury) I need to revisit this. A classic for good reason.
033 The Dichotomy of Leadership (Jocko Willink & Leif Babin)
Jocko's books are always great. But I felt 'Extreme Ownership' was the better title. Still worth checking out though
032 Musashi (Eiji Yoshikawa)
The classic saga. This was huge in scope and took me months. Started off on the amazing Audible version, but had to switch because of the length. A great fictional story.
031 "Kill The Black One First" (Michael Fuller)
Details the professional career of Mr Fuller, and the racism he encountered in the UK Police.
030 Do No Harm: Stories of Life, Death and Brain Surgery (Henry Marsh)
Another medical biography. Educational and startling. Brain Surgery is a scary, scary thing.
029 Bloodborne - The Paleblood Hunt (Redgrave) Theories and back stories for the PS4 game 'Bloodborne'. Worth checking out if you're a fan, avoid if you're not!
028 Chasing the Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs (Johann Hari) I really liek Johann Hari. Peep him on the Joe Rogan podcast before you dive into this book.
027 Bloody Rose (Nicholas Eames) The 2nd book in 'The Band' series. More on this later!
026 Learn Windows PowerShell 3 in a Month of Lunches (Don Jones) A boring IT professional book that wasn't boring!
025 Mythos: The Greek Myths Retold (Stephen Fry) Stephen Fry is a gift from God.
024 Lord of the Flies (William Golding) Another book from my youth that I wanted to revisit. So glad I did! It's a classic for good reason!
023 Bruce Lee: The Authorized Visual History (Misc.) More on Bruce later on!
022 Reborn on the Run: My Journey from Addiction to Ultramarathons (Catra Corbett) Catra tells her story on recovery, and becoming addicted to some utterly superhuman feats. Peep her on instragram, she's incredible!
021 The Best of Les Brown Audio Collection: Inspiration from the World's Leading Motivational Speaker (Les Brown) Does this count? This is audio from his lectures. I just can't help but get fired up when I listen to Ms. Mamie Brown's Baby Boy!
020 The Richest Man in Babylon (George S. Clason) Some incredibly important financial / lifestyle lessons, dressed up in easy to digest stories. I just need to put these into (full) practice.
019 Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen (Christopher McDougall) The best running book I've read all year.
018 Slaughterhouse-Five (Kurt Vonnegut) This was my first Kurt Vonnegut book, and the audible version was read by James Franco. I'm not a fan of James at all, but he did an incredible job!
017 The Things They Carried (Tim O'Brien) This came highly recommended, and it was read by the dad from 'Malcolm in the Middle'! I don't want to say that it was 'thoroughly enjoyable' given the subject matter, but it's an incredibly important book.
016 Columbine (Dave Cullen) Living in the UK all my life, and being too young to really understand what happened in Columbine, this was my first education on the events of 1999. This book doesn't pull any punches.
015 Kings of the Wyld (Nicholas Eames) Oh man, a great fantasy read, with a fair few of pop-culture references that never become tired. The sequel wasn't quite as good, but I'm heavily invested into this universe. Worth checking out for all fantasy fans!
014 Blood of Elves (Andrzej Sapkowski) I love the Witcher video games, and I thoroughly enjoy the books.
013 Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Lives in North Korea (Barbara Demick)
The best book on living in the DPRK I've read this year. Slightly dated, but very poignant.
012 The Korean War (Max Hastings) Max Hastings can write an utterly fantastic history book. Extremely well researched. It's called the Forgotten War for good reason, and I knew absolutely nothing about it going in.
011 Algorithms to Live By: The Computer Science of Human Decisions (Brian Christian & Tom Griffiths) This book made me feel dumb. I will revisit this, probably multiple times until my dumb ape mind gets it! :D
010 The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change (Stephen R. Covey) Laid the foundations for a million other self help authors to repackage and try and sell off as their own 'methods'. Timeless!
009 About Face: Odyssey Of An American Warrior (David H. Hackworth) Constantly recommended by Jocko Willink. Hackworth was another breed.
008 Bruce Lee: A Life (Matthew Polly)
An absolutely incredible biography of the Legend that cuts through alot of the bullshit and myth. Matthew Polly did an utterly fantastic job, and this should be considered the 'de facto' book on Bruce Lee imo.
007 The Stand (Stephen King) My first Stephen King book, and what an epic this was! Parts supernatural, parts post-apocalyptic. All awesome. The ending felt a little rushed, but I loved it.
006 American Gods (Neil Gaiman) I started the book hating all the characters, they're super unlikeable. However, over the course of this epic novel, I grew to accept most, and really like Shadow. Well worth checking out.
005 Talking to Strangers (Malcolm Gladwell) I had zero interest in reading another Malcolm Gladwell book after Outliers last year. But catching him on the Joe Rogan podcast changed my opinion, and I'm so glad it did. Talking to Strangers is an important book.
004 Norse Mythology (Neil Gaiman) My boy Neil. My boyyyyyyyyy.
003 Lost Connections: Uncovering the Real Causes of Depression - and the Unexpected Solutions (Johann Hari) This book is so damn important. This has helped me understand my depression, and that of others. I'll be revisiting this time and time again.
002 Flowers for Algernon (Daniel Keyes) This was my first read of 2019, and it made me cry. I knew immediately that it was going to be one of my favourites of all time, and man. It never let up. I love, love LOVED this book.
001 The Travelling Cat Chronicles (Hiro Arikawa) And here we go. This book. This sodding book. A story of a cat, and a man. This book made me laugh, it made me cry. Quirky and Japanese as all get up. I will never stop shouting the praise of this book. If you have a spare afternoon, and you want to feel. This is your book.
TL;DR - Books are kickin' rad.
submitted by AJaxStudy to 52book [link] [comments]

2019.12.07 07:56 derkimster On This Date In California Weather History (December 5)

2013: The long duration hard freeze across the San Joaquin Valley during the period December 4-9 resulted in extensive crop damage, especially to the citrus crop. Local estimates were eventually reported as being $441 Million as reported by California Citrus Mutual.
Record low minimum temperatures were reached at Hanford, Madera, and Merced due to an intrusion of Arctic air from Canada.
A near record low was reached in Fresno with a temperature of 29° F.

2013: An intrusion of Arctic air brought brutally cold overnight low temperatures to the Owens Valley and Mojave Desert regions.
Big Pine Creek in Owens Valley recorded an overnight low of -20° F.
Cima (between Interstates 15 & 40 in San Bernardino Co.) recorded an overnight low of 18° F.

2010: A developing Pacific storm dropped south from the Gulf of Alaska on December 3rd-4th, strengthening the ridge and bringing warmer temperatures to the region. Fresno reached a high of 64° F on the 4th, and the average temperature for the date of 57° F was 10 degrees above normal. The high at Bakersfield on the 4th also was 64° F. The center of the storm remained offshore on December 5th, generating strong southerly winds over interior central California. Winds downsloped through the Grapevine into the south end of the San Joaquin Valley, with a spotter estimating gusts of 60-70 mph near the Interstate 5-Highway 99 split, and Meadows Field in Bakersfield had gusts to 41 mph. The downslope winds also warmed Bakersfield to a high of 69° F.
2007: Surf with highest sets to 18 feet struck the coast of San Diego County (10 feet in Orange County) on this day and on 12.6. Highway 101 in Cardiff was inundated with minor flooding. The Imperial Beach Pier sustained minor damage.
2002: The morning of the 5th had some very dense, but patchy fog. A 9-vehicle pile-up occurred near Los Banos in Merced County on Highway 152 around 8:35 AM PST that killed one and injured 3 others.
2000: During the period from December 2nd-6th, a dense late night and early morning fog regime established itself in the Central and Southern San Joaquin Valley. Visibilities during the hours between midnight and 0900 PST were often below 1/4-mile in dense fogwith California Highway Patrol "pacing" traffic on major highways.
1998: A funnel cloud was observed two miles southwest of Imperial Beach.
1997: In heavy rain, a car hydroplaned off Interstate-5 near Lebec into a swollen creek adjacent to the road. Before a rescue could be accomplished one of the vehicle's occupants was swept downstream.
1997: 14" of snow fell at Mammoth Lakes Ranger Station.
1992: A big storm that started on 12.4 and ended on 12.7 brought rainfall from 0.5" at the coast to up to six inches of precipitation in the mountains. 1.65" fell in Coronado, 1.60" in Vista, 1.42 in Fallbrook, 1.32" in Escondido, and 1.15" in San Diego. Flooding in Tijuana killed four and left hundreds homeless. 6" to 2 feet of snow fell in the mountains. Local flooding, mud slides, standing water, and road closures resulted.
1989: An afternoon high of 86° F in Campo tied a record for the month previously set in 1950.
1987: A cold front crossing the Pacific Coast brought heavy rain on 12.4 and on this day. Mt. Wilson was drenched with 2.17" in six hours.
Thunderstorm winds gusted to 55 mph at Newport Beach. Gale force winds battered the coast with speeds exceeding 40 mph, causing tree damage and power outages.
1972: Reno, NV, recorded a low temperature of -12° F. At Carson City, NV, the morning low was -11° F.
1967: Big Sur had a high temperature of 75° F -- a record for the month.
1966: Heavy rain drenched the region, even the mountains, from 12.2 to 12.7. Storm totals for the period: 27.79" in Lake Arrowhead (believed to be a 100 year rainfall), 23.73" in Palomar Mountain, 18.72" in Big Bear Lake, 17.85" in Idyllwild, 9.14" in San Bernardino, 7.63" in Redlands, 6.21" in Santa Ana, 5.19" in Riverside, 2.99" in San Diego, 2.73" in Palm Springs, but only 0.66" in Victorville and 0.28" in Barstow! At least two homes were destroyed by floods and debris flows in Mill Creek Canyon. Debris flows and floods damaged homes and roads in Wrightwood and Lytle Creek. Homes and businesses were flooded in Redlands and Palm Springs. Many roads across the region were flooded and washed out. Scuba divers could not recover a Montclair man believed drowned in floodwaters. Strong storm winds caused power outages. On this day 6.66" of precipitation fell in Idyllwild, the greatest daily precipitation amount on record.
1959: Strong Santa Ana winds across Southern California downed trees and utility lines, un-roofed multiple structures and destroyed several parked aircraft.
1958: It was 85° F in Victorville, the highest temperature on record for December.
1951: Lodgepole received 19" of snow; Huntington Lake recorded 11".
1951: A peak wind gust of 68 mph in Las Vegas, NV, set the highest reading recorded in December.
1945: 21" of snow fell at Truckee. 1909: 10" of snow fell at Glenbrook, NV, (east shore Lake Tahoe).
Source: NWS San Francisco/Monterey, Hanford, Reno, Las Vegas, & San Diego
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2019.12.07 06:21 derkimster On This Date In California Weather History (December 4)

2017: Strong sundowner and Santa Ana winds persisted across Southern California for two weeks. Northerly wind gusts between 65 and 85 mph were reported at a few locations sometime during the two weeks. On this day, the Thomas fire sparked to life just north of Santa Paula. Over the next few weeks it burned over southwest Ventura and southeast Santa Barbara Counties and became California’s largest wildfire, burning 281,893 acres. It destroyed at least 1,063 structures and damaged 280 others. One firefighter and one civilian died. 2014: On the morning of December 4th, the FAA issued a limited ground stop for McCarran International Airport due to dense fog. A total of 15 flights were cancelled that day and 116 departures were delayed. 2014: A Pacific storm brought moderate to heavy rain on 12/3 and on this day across the Southern California region. Two-day rainfall totals of one to 2" were recorded west of the mountains, while the southern slopes of the San Bernardino Mountains got up to 5" of rain (isolated amount of 14.5" at Yucaipa Ridge). Flooding resulted, with mud, debris and water closing several roadways and stranding vehicles. On this day mud with debris ten feet high piled up on Soboba Road north of San Jacinto. A swift water rescue was needed.
2013: An intrusion of Arctic air that arrived from Canada brought a string of several cold mornings in these locations.
Record low temperatures were reached in Madera and Merced on the morning of this date due to this intrusion.

2000: During the period from December 2nd-6th, a dense late night and early morning fog regime established itself in the Central and Southern San Joaquin Valley. Visibilities during the hours between midnight and 0900 PST were often below 1/4-mile in dense fogwith California Highway Patrol "pacing" traffic on major highways.
1997: Pre-frontal winds downed 10 power poles in the Bear Valley area of the Tehachapi Mountains. Gusty wind to 40 mph on the Southern San Joaquin Valley floor downed numerous trees and powerlines in and around Bakersfield.
1992: A big storm that started on this day and ended on 12/7 brought rainfall from 0.5 inch at the coast to up to 6" of precipitation in the mountains. 1.65" fell in Coronado, 1.60" in Vista, 1.42" in Fallbrook, 1.32" in Escondido, and 1.15" in San Diego. Flooding in Tijuana killed four and left hundreds homeless. Local flooding, mud slides, standing water, and road closures resulted. 6"-24" of snow fell in the mountains.
1987: A cold front crossing the Pacific Coast brought heavy rain on this day and on 12.5. Mt. Wilson was drenched with 2.17" in six hours. 1.02" fell at LA between 5 and 7 pm and rain rates of 1" per hour were reported for a time at John Wayne Airport. 0.61" fell in 30 minutes in San Diego all on this day. Thunderstorm winds gusted to 55 mph at Newport Beach. Gale force winds battered the coast with speeds exceeding 40 mph, causing tree damage and power outages. Flooding in downtown LA prompted some evacuations. Flooding, including water into some houses, was reported in Fallbrook. More flooding was reported all across San Diego County, including downtown San Diego, where numerous motorists were trapped in their vehicles. A mudslide closed Valley Center Road and Lake Wohlford Road. In Westminster winds gusted up to 60 mph and damaged 40 mobile homes, nine of which were ripped out of the ground, and left 24 people homeless. Boats were shaken loose from their moorings. Lightning struck a radio tower in Newport Beach, knocking the station off the air, and knocked out power to the area. Winds knocked down power lines in Newport Beach.
1983: Deepening low pressure dropped 2-4 feet of snow in the Sierra, with reports of 17.5" at Lodgepole and 10" at Grant Grove. Gusts over 60 mph caused blowing snow and near zero visibility.
1979: Temperatures soared in the valleys. Ramona reached 94° F, El Cajon 93° F, Alpine and Vista 90° F. This is the only time Alpine and Vista have reached 90° in December, and one of only three times Ramona and El Cajon have reached 90° or higher in December.
It was 69° F in Big Bear Lake, the highest temperature on record for December.
This also occurred four days later on 12.8.1979.
1974: Heavy rain that began on 12.3 ended on this day. There was considerable flooding of low lying areas of Orange County.
1972: The morning low temperature at Reno, NV, was -2° F.
1966: Heavy rain drenched the region, even the mountains, from 12.2 to 12.7. Storm totals for the period: 27.79" in Lake Arrowhead (believed to be a 100 year rainfall), 23.73" in Palomar Mountain, 18.72" in Big Bear Lake, 17.85" in Idyllwild, 9.14" in San Bernardino, 7.63" in Redlands, 6.21" in Santa Ana, 5.19" in Riverside, 2.99" in San Diego, 2.73" in Palm Springs, but only 0.66" in Victorville and 0.28" in Barstow! At least two homes were destroyed by floods and debris flows in Mill Creek Canyon. Debris flows and floods damaged homes and roads in Wrightwood and Lytle Creek. Homes and businesses were flooded in Redlands and Palm Springs. Many roads across the region were flooded and washed out. Scuba divers could not recover a Montclair man believed drowned in floodwaters. Strong storm winds caused power outages.
1958: Priest Valley (Monterey Co.) had a high temperature of 83° F just one day after hitting the same mark.
1958: The Coachella Valley was unusually warm on this day, with the city of Indio setting a record high for December, with a reading of 96° F.
Idyllwild reached 82°, which is a daily record for the month. Interestingly, Idyllwild has only recorded three 80-degree days in December since 1943, all of which occurred on consecutive days in 1958 (2/2 to 2/4).
It reached 80° F in Palomar Mountain, the highest temperature on record for December.
It was also 80° F in Palomar Mountain the previous day on 12.3.1958.

1958: A winter season heat wave brought monthly record high temperatures to the Central Coast.
It was 92° F in San Luis Obispo and 87° F in Paso Robles, both record highs for any day in December.
1945: 23" of snow fell at Tahoe City (west shore Lake Tahoe), with 10" of snow being reported at Glenbrook, NV (east shore Lake Tahoe).
1873: 2.52" of rain fell in San Diego, the 9th greatest daily rainfall amount on record.
Source: NWS San Francisco/Monterey, Hanford, Reno, Las Vegas, & San Diego
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2019.11.30 23:11 derkimster On This Date In California Weather History (November 30)

2012: A relatively warm winter season storm dropped 4.56" of rain to Wawona, 3.70" to Tuolumne Meadows, 3.61" at Mariposa, 2.59" at Happy Isles in Yosemite Valley, and in the San Joaquin Valley, 0.86" at Mendota and 0.62" at Fresno, setting a record for the date.
Highway 49 was closed due to flooding near Mariposa. There were other reports of road flooding in the San Joaquin Valley.
2011: An early-season winter storm raked the Mojave Desert with powerful winds. Bishop was hammered with sustained winds of 35-45 mph with gusts to 60 mph which resulted in trees and powerlines being reported down throughout town as well as blowing dust. The 60 mph wind gust set an all-time record high wind speed for the month of November. Lone Pine was raked by 55-60 mph winds which knocked out power for 30 minutes and created dust storms reducing visibility down to 1-1.5 miles.
A large metal mile marker was knocked down in Death Valley along Highway 190 west of Death Valley Junction. Bicycle Lake Army Airfield on the post of Fort Irwin recorded a peak wind gust of 74 mph with sustained winds at 58 mph. A gas station sign was bent over and damaged by high winds which also knocked over a wooden sign. There were scattered reports of trees uprooted or knocked down throughout the Las Vegas area.

2011: A strong upper-level trough approached the central California interior on November 29th, destabilizing the airmass and reducing the San Joaquin Valley fog. A tight surface pressure gradient developed over California, resulting in northeast winds gusting over 60 mph across the Southern Sierra Nevada. High winds developed on November 30th which is a relatively rare phenomenon known as a Mono Wind Event across the Sierra Nevada. This event continued into the first two days of December and caused extensive tree damage across much of the Southern Sierra Nevada.
2007: Heavy rain from cutoff low with a tropical connection produced up to 6" of rain at Palomar Mountain and Forest Falls on this day and on 12/1. A debris flow (including large trees) over the Poomacha Burn area buried a house in mud, and caused serious damage to several vehicles and highway 76. The flow was estimated at 15 feet high and 150 to 200 feet wide.
This same storm produced 2.53" of rain in Ramona, a one-day record for November.
2006: Strong surface high pressure over Idaho brought an unseasonably cold airmass to the central California interior. Sub-freezing temperatures occurred in the Central and Southern San Joaquin Valley late in the evening of the 28th and continued in some areas as late as December 8th. The coldest reading was 25° F in Hanford (Kings County) on the morning of the 29th. Cold weather extended into the first widespread killing frost of the season for the Kern Deserts on the morning of the 30th.
2004: Vallejo had a low temperature of 30° F.
2004: The first killing frost in the Kern Deserts occurred on the mornings of the 29th and 30th when minimum temperatures plummeted to 13° F to 16° F in many of the coldest locations. China Lake had a record low temperature of 13° F and 16° F on the 29th and 30th, respectively.
2002: A fast moving rain storm produced just over half an inch of rain over North Las Vegas, NV. The runoff in the cities drainage system caused flash flooding which trapped four homeless men. One man drowned and another was injured.

1997: A waterspout was reported 6 miles south of Newport Beach.
1982: 26" of snow fell at Tahoe City (west shore Lake Tahoe), with 22" of snow reported at Truckee.
1982: A big storm that started on this day and ended on 12/1 brought widespread record rains and strong winds. 50 to 65 mph gusts were measured along the coast along with 1"-5" of rainfall.
1.96" of rain fell in LA on this day, a daily record. On this day the LAX airport recorded a wind gust of 60 mph.
The strong winds toppled thousands of trees, 900 within the L.A. city limits alone. Power disruptions caused by the storm impacted 1.6 million homes. Along the beaches wind driven waves combined with high tides to produce major beach erosion along the coast. In Malibu, one home was lost and several were damaged by the waves. Twelve people were killed by the storm.
1980: Laguna Beach recorded a record low temperature for the month with a value of 28° F.
1972: Fresno had a high temperature of only 44° F, lowest on record for the month of November.
1970: A series of storms struck the region from 11.25 to this day following large destructive wildfires in the San Bernardino and San Gabriel Mountains earlier in the fall. 9.17" of precipitation fell in Lake Arrowhead, 7.22" in Lytle Creek, 5.11" in Big Bear Lake, 5.02" in Palomar Mountain, 3.56" in San Bernardino, 2.63" in Redlands, 2.51" in Santa Ana, and 2.05" in San Diego. Flooding inundated streets and highways in the Rancho Cucamonga area. At least 60 homes were damaged by floods and debris flows. On this day a waterspout and three small funnel clouds were reported six miles west of San Diego.
1952: Heavy rain dropped almost 1" in Upland. Street flooding was reported in Upland and homes were flooded in Ontario.
1932: Fresno received 0.3" of rain. This is the latest occurrence of the first measurable rain of the water season on record.
1922: The morning low temperature at Reno, NV, was 8° F.
1911: A low of 23° F set a monthly record for November in Indio.
Source: NWS San Francisco/Monterey, Hanford, Reno, Las Vegas, & San Diego
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2019.11.09 08:22 derkimster On This Date In California Weather History (November 7)

2014: In the wake of the storm that moved through the region on Halloween, bringing up to 1" of rain in the San Joaquin Valley, areas of dense fog developed each night between November 2 and November 10. Most of the nights, the area affected was primarily along Highway 198 in the vicinity of Hanford and along Highway 43 from Selma to Corcoran. There were a few school bus delays due to the fog. However, on the morning of November 7, the area of dense fog became more widespread and included the Fresno area. On that morning, the visibility at Fresno-Yosemite International fell to 1/16 of a mile, delaying all flights into and out of the airport. The fog also caused 10 school bus delays. On the morning of November 9, there was a fatality traffic accident that occurred in the dense fog involving 1 vehicle and a pole.
2011: A slow moving Pacific storm produced isolated heavy snow in the higher terrain of Mohave County (in the northwest corner of AZ near CA border).
The observer at Diamond M Ranch measured 6.5" of snow.
2008: El Cajon’s afternoon high temperature reached 99° F, a record for the month.
2007: In dense morning fog, the oil tanker Cosco Busan crashed into a tower of the Bay Bridge. An assessment by the Coast Guard of the causes of the crash concluded that the decision of those in charge of the container ship to set sail in dense fog played a key role in the Nov. 7 accident, which spilled 53,000 gallons of fuel oil into the bay, fouling miles of Bay Area and ocean shoreline and killing thousands of birds. Government agencies estimated the cleanup cost at $70 million. The ship's pilot eventually pleaded guilty to federal pollution charges and was sentenced to 10 months in prison.
2005: The first significant snow of the winter season moved across the northern portion of Interior Central California and brought several inches of snow to higher elevations of the Southern Sierra Nevada. Mammoth Mountain reported 8" of new snow at the 9000 foot elevation during the night of the 7th and early morning of the 8th.
2002: After a relatively benign active weather month in October, November also started slow for Interior Central California.
However, the first major trough off from the East Pacific combined with tropical moisture from Hurricane Huko a southern latitudes brought copious amounts of rain (snow levels at or above 9,000 feet Mean Sea Level) and gusty wind at higher elevations from the 7th until early on the 9th. What was unusual for this area was the change from the normal summefall dry conditions to the wet season in such dramatic fashion with little in the way of transition. During the period in the Southern Sierra Nevada 46" of new snow fell at Volcanic Knob and Upper Burnt Corral; and in the Tulare County Mountains 80" fell at Chagoopa Plateau. Numerous foothill locations received 5-10" of rain within the 3-day period in the foothills of the Southern Sierra Nevada. Johnsondale, in Tulare County received 16.38" of rain in the 3-day period. On the San Joaquin Valley floor Merced received 1.80" in 3 days, Fresno1.76"; Hanford 1.44"; and, Bakersfield 1.29." Rainfall amounts for the 8th were over 1" at several Valley locations thereby establishing new 24-hour rainfall records, e.g. Fresno's old record for the 8th was 0.23" ... new record 0.98". There were 23 pole fires caused by wind and arcing reported by Southern California Edison utility and ultimately affected 102,000 residents in the Central and Southern S.J. Valley.
2002: The first storm of the winter season moved onshore bringing heavy rain and windy conditions for Interior Central California on the7th. Numerous locations reported gusty wind with damage reported to powerlines due to arcing and felled trees. In the Kern Mountains poles were downed in the Weldon and Onyx area east of Lake Isabella and around Mt.Mesa and Southlake around 3:30AM on the 8th. In the Kern Desert, Indian Wells Canyon and Laural Mountain reported wind in excess of 50 MPH at both locations. This significant frontal passage brought gusty wind with speeds of 40 to 44 MPH across the Central San Joaquin Valley and into the neighboring foothills of the Southern Sierra Nevada. In conjunction with this multiple day precipitation event from the 7th through the 9th, gusty wind continued to buffet the Kern County Mountains and Deserts. Wind was often reported with 40+MPH gusts at several different automated reporting sites. There were spikes of 74 and 91 MPH at Indian Wells Canyon at 1613 PST and 1713 PST in the early afternoon of the 9th during the event.In the Mojave area winds again were generally around 40+MPH on the 8th into the 9th with a few gusts to 60 Knots at the Inyokern Airport during the afternoon of the 9th.
2002: Tehachapi in Kern County reported 4.67" of rain and Lodgepole in Tulare County received 11.55" of rain in the 3-day period from the 7th to the 9th along with the 16.38" at Johnsondale. Despite the very dry antecedent conditions, this amount of rainfall lead to flooding problems...especially in and around the Tulare County Mountains. Snow levels were relatively high, at 9000 feet MSL. Park Dispatch reported washouts on Parker Pass Road and the Road below Durwood Resort in Southeast Tulare County, as well as the road that leads from Johnsondale southward to Kernville in Kern County. Flooding also occurred along Highway 178 near Kelso in Kern County (Glennville received 6" of rain); rock/mudslides occurred on Highway 168 and Highway 180 in the S.Sierra Nevada foothills; and, with numerous rock/mudslides, and road erosion problems, the Tulare County foothill roadways of the General's Highway and Mineral King were closed. Sequoia National Park had to evacuate folks from a flooded trailer park near Ash Mountain on the morning of the 9th. Due to erosion problems with the McNally Fire in Southeast Tulare and Northeast Kern Counties, debris was spread across many mountain roads in the area as well as contributing to a fish kill in the Kern River. Additional flooding and mudslide problems were noted along Highway 178 in Kern County. Peak flow into Lake Isabella from the Kern River was 26,500CFS on Friday night, the 8th. The lake storage increased from 82,000 acre-feet to 109,000 acre-feet and increased in elevation 5 feet in a 2-day period from the 8th to 9th.
2000: Santa Ana winds gusted to 82 mph at Fremont Canyon (Santa Ana Mountains).

1999: First Winter Storm of the season (lowered threshold) as 8" of snow fell at Tuolumne Meadows overnight. Snow levels were restricted to higher elevations (generally above 6500 feet MSL).
The first substantial autumn rain (and first since 4/12/99) led to transmission line transformer shorts and power loss to 14,000 local utility customers in the Central and Southern San Joaquin Valley. The problems were repaired by the afternoon of the 8th. Rainfall amounts on the San Joaquin Valley floor varied from 0.20" to 0.66" of rain ... and 1.0" to 1.5" in the adjacent foothills.
1998: Winter storm warnings were posted for CA Zones 22/23 for Saturday November 7th from afternoon through the evening but widespread storm conditions did not materialize in Zone 23. However 1st season storm snow amounts were received with the Tuolumne Ranger Station reporting a total snow of 8" over a 24 hour period of November 7th...3" on the ground by 0900 PST with another 5" in the afternoon as reported by the morning of the 8th. Lodgepole in the Tulare County Mountains received 0.78" of rain but snow levels were above the station height. A Winter Storm Watch was posted on the 6th at 1600 PST with warnings issued subsequently at 0400 PST on the 7th.
1991: It was 100° F in Palm Springs, the latest date in the season to record 100° F or higher on record.
1988: It was 98° F in Borrego Springs, the highest temperature on record for November.
1987: Hayfork residents couldn't help but feel a bit of uncertainty now that nearly 60,000 acres of timberland in the area were charred by forest fires. In Hayfork, a community of about 2,000, some 150 people were employed at the mill, but others would also be affected.
1969: A funnel cloud was reported near John Wayne Airport.
1966: Four tornadoes struck LA and Orange Counties. A small tornado struck downtown Newport Beach. Damage to multiple boats, cars and structures was reported, though no major injuries or fatalities occurred. A second tornado touched down in Lawndale and moved north 8.5 miles through Hawthorne, Lennox and Inglewood, removing roofs from buildings as it went, including three schools.
Shattered glass was thrown everywhere, injuring several people.
Later in the afternoon, 2 more tornadoes touched down, one in Willowbrook (Compton) and one in Costa Mesa.

1950: Campo set a record for November with a high temperature of 92° F.
1941: High of 91° F, latest 90° F or better reading on record in Bakersfield since observations started at Meadows Field in 1928.
1926: A monthly record high of 101° F was set in Indio.
Source: NWS San Francisco/Monterey, Hanford, Reno, Phoenix, & San Diego and the Redding Record-Searchlight
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2019.10.04 00:29 Pickup_your_nuts Today in History 04/10

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2019.09.23 17:28 Mejbah411 Bitcoin, dogecoin. How I tried to make my fortune in 2014 with the sweat of my computer.

Bitcoin, dogecoin. How I tried to make my fortune in 2014 with the sweat of my computer.

Make money just by working on your computer: the rise of electronic currencies, in the wake of bitcoin, can be a little dream, especially in times of crisis. We tried the experiment. Wealth at your fingertips? Not for everybody.
Reading time: 6 min.
We have known at least since March 2013, with the soaring Bitcoin (BTC) price during the closing of Cypriot banks: electronic currencies, it has not much virtual. Since the creation of the enigmatic Satoshi Nakamoto serves as a safe haven, a playground for speculators, interests the States and even makes it possible to pay for his trip to the space where his beer, bigger world would dare to pretend that it only serves to buy prohibited substances on SilkRoad - if it ever was.
At the end of November, James Howells was mocked a lot, this Brit, caught in a household frenzy, inadvertently threw a hard disk containing 7,500 bitcoins, the equivalent of 4.8 million euros. A small fortune now lost in the depths of the Docksway dump near Newport. Nevertheless, before causing the consternation of the global Internet, Jamie still had the nose to undermine the BTC at a time when the experience mobilized a handful of hardcore geeks.
Since the rise (sawtooth) bitcoin, each unit currently weighs more than 800 dollars, nearly thirty cryptocurrencies have emerged. Is it possible, this year again, to let this promising, volatile and risky train pass, or to fall into
  1. Choose your electronic motto.
  2. All are based on the same principle: to summarize (very) big features [1], the issuance of money is governed by an algorithm, and the new corners put in circulation reward the resolution, by participants in a network of peer and mathematical problems, including the validation and archiving of transactions, which are public [2]. Mining a cryptocurrency is like putting the computing power of your computer in the service of the network.
  3. Since the program is decreasing [3], the mining becomes more and more difficult with time (and with the increase of the number of participants): to hope to make his pelote via the only computational activity, one must either have to at its disposal a large fleet of machines, to be a miner from the first hour. Exit the bitcoin, long since out of the reach of a personal computer.
  4. I similarly gave up the litecoin and peercoin, already well launched (they date respectively 2011 and 2012), to set my heart on one of the most recent currencies - and certainly the hippest of the moment: the dogecoin.
  5. As its name suggests, the cryptocurrency favorite Shiba Inus from around the world is a tribute to the Doge, one of the most famous memes of 2013, with its captions in Comic Sans, the font most sorry for the web. A geek joke, therefore, except that - the unfathomable mysteries of the Internet - its value jumped 900% in the third week of December, and she suffered a Christmas robbery online.
  6. Admittedly, at the time when these lines are written, the dogecoin caps at 0.00023 dollars [4] - its quite ridiculous (and quite depressing), but even if you bet on the future, so much to go frankly.
  7. 2. The hands in the engine the billboard.
  8. From there, things get tough (a little). Installing an electronic purse on ones computer is not very complicated (the software is available for Windows, MacOS, Android or, for the more adventurous, on a repository to compile under Linux). It is also possible to use an online wallet, but it is more risky (except, perhaps, when one is called James Howells). When opened for the first time, the purse automatically synchronizes with the Dogecoin network (be careful, it can be long), which gives you a payment address (we can generate more later).
  9. The two most common ways to undermine electronic money are to use the computing power of the computers microprocessor (CPU) or, more efficiently, that of the graphics card processor (GPU). In the first case, the program is simple to install; in the second, it is necessary to choose the most adapted to its material [5]. There are, thankfully, a lot of online tutorials. Still, to operate the corner board requires in all cases to trade the comfort of the GUI for aridity, so confusing to the layman, command lines - we have nothing for nothing.
  10. Finally, at work alone, we prefer collaboration. Mining is best done in groups, or rather in pool: it distributes the gains, of course, but also the difficulty. For the dogecoin as for all the crypto-currencies, the pools are numerous. A quick tour of a dedicated section of the Reddit community site can help you make your choice.
  11. 3. Extension of the field of struggle.
  12. And after? After, we can rest, since it is the machine that works. But the truth of a cryptocurrency - even at the exceptionally high LOL and LOL rates of the Shiba Inu - is cruel and brutal: not all computers are equal. Or rather, some are more equal than others. For while you heat your CPU or your graphics card to grapple some unfortunate corners, others will sweep the game thanks to specialized integrated circuits, computing capabilities much higher.
  13. If the game of buying and reselling corners is basically just another stock exchange mechanism, less the intervention of the central banks - what is at stake, and the big political question they ask: are we certain to prefer speculation pure and perfect to monetary policies, however questionable they may be? -, production, it is the law of the strongest (in calculation). There are even lethal weapons at $ 10,000 each, with which your processors are like mosquitoes in front of an A bomb.
  14. And if you think it does not matter because after all, it does not cost you anything, think again: the components, like humans, wear out faster when they work at full speed, and the bill of electricity can quickly grow. The profitability of the case is anything but certain, as evidenced by the results of online calculators. (Needless to say, our laughing dogecoin does not stand up to this kind of simulation.)
  15. Much more boring, from a collective point of view: the carbon footprint, current and above all expected, of electronic currencies worries more and more. Last spring, Bloomberg estimated that the energy consumption of the Bitcoin network was equivalent to that of 31,000 US households. Not sure, according to the site, that their emission is less damaging to the environment than have been some physical currencies.
  16. For exciting to analyze that is the emergence of cryptocurrencies, it is better to ask now about their cost, economic and ecological. To see it as a potential source of income, except for being a very early adopter with a hollow nose, an individual with a lot of computational capital or a clever trader, you have to make a point.
  17. If the recurrent comparison with the famous Ponzi pyramid [6] is discussed (after all, the decentralized currencies do not make promises), remains that, as long as the value does not collapse, the system benefits mainly to the first entrants - except James Howells.
  18. As the Bitcoin.fr site aptly states: all this is just an experiment, invest only the time and money you can afford to lose. LOLs love was not a worse reason than another to experiment, so I finally submitted my laptop to four days and three nights of intense activity, which makes me happy. owner of a good half a thousand dogecoins. Either the equivalent of 0.115 dollar, or 0.08 euro. It is obviously not worth the electricity consumed to generate them, it increases my carbon footprint, but it amuses my entourage. But laughter is, as everyone knows, a safe bet in times of crisis, less volatile than a real bitcoin.
  19. And then, after all, you never know.
  20. Amaelle Guiton.
  21. 1. For explanations more provided (the case is quite complex), refer, for example, to the series of very detailed notes devoted to blogger Turblog.
  22. 2. And as such, searchable by everyone. It is the identity of the users that is not known, unless they reveal it, hence the reputation of anonymity (relative, therefore) cryptocurrencies.
  23. 3. In the case of bitcoin, the maximum of 21 million units should be reached around 2140.
  24. 4. For a day-to-day follow-up, see the CoinMarketCap site which lists the exchange rates of crypto-currencies, based on the dollar value of bitcoin.
  25. 5. We discover then, unfortunately, that some graphics cards do not allow the mining. This is the case for the author of these lines, reduced to working in conditions of extreme computer deprivation.
  26. 6. Comparison which is at the heart of a hilarious note on the ponzicoin, signed by the economic journalist Matthew OBrien, on The Atlantic (to read if you intend seriously to invest in the dogecoin).
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